Coal, Oil, Gas, Nuke

      Below are files - articles - about fossil fuel and nuclear energy sources.  They are arranged in 3 major groups: Coal, Oil & Gas, and Nuclear.  Coal has 7 sub-groups: Carbon Capture & Storage, General Problems, Air Pollution, Making Coal Costlier, Plant Closings and Decarbonization, China's Coal - Other, and Misc.  Oil & Gas has 3: General, Fracking, and Tar Sands.  Nuclear has 3: US, Elsewhere and Misc.

     Month and year follow each article's name.  PDF files are so marked, after month and date, some with authors noted.  Within sections, more recent files appear above older files.


Note: 2018 solar data is only for the winter months, when solar output is lowest.  The %for the full year will rise substantially.


     Below are Lazard’s 2016 unsubsidized US electric generation costs for renewable (top) and traditional (fossil & nuke) technologies.  See PDF below.  Lazard’s charts are also on the Coal, Oil, Gas, Nuke page.

      PV diamonds are unsubsidized costs estimated for in-service dates of 2017, at $1.35/Watt.  Low end is for single-axis tracking.  Wind diamond is OFFshore, bar is ONshore.  Nuclear excludes decommissioning.

Levelized US Costs of New Electric Energy - Lazard 1216 - PDF, 21 pp.

2015 edition

Levelized US Costs of New Electric Energy - Lazard 1215 - PDF, 20 pp.

2014 edition, below

     Utility-scale PV prices fell 18-30% from Lazard’s previous edition, while C&I rooftop PV ranged from 13% lower to 9% higher and residential PV price rose slightly.  Onshore wind costs fell 5-14% and offshore 6%.  Traditional coal was essentially unchanged, while IGCC coal spread more widely (lower bottom, higher top).  Gas CC was down 11-15%, while biomass was down 5%.  Nuclear costs (speculative) rose 4-5%.  Efficiency costs continue being shown as low as $0 - savings pay for themselves.

Levelized US Costs of New Electric Energy - Lazard 1214 - PDF, 20 pp.  The chart above is taken from this study.  It includes more detailed charts and tables, plus the footnotes to the chart above.  Solar is decisively cheaper than gas or diesel peaking generators in the US, Australia, Brazil, India, South Africa, Japan, and northern Europe.

Below are ranges for major categories, from a year earlier.



     Levelized costs of electricity resource options - US - 2013

     Source: Energy efficiency data represent the results of this analysis for utility program costs (range of four-year averages for 2009-2012).

     Supply costs are from Lazard 2013.




Our Energy Grid Is Incredibly Vulnerable – to Climate Change 0816

BP Statistical Review of World Energy 0613 - PDF, 48 pp    This is a rich source of information, by year by nation.

 Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) - Coal, etc.



   %s show cumulative contribution to 2050.

   % in ( ) show contribution in 2050 alone.


IEA








The Key to 'Saving the Planet' May Be Under the Sea 0718

This Power Plant Has Cracked Carbon Capture 0718

That Natural Gas Power Plant with No Carbon Emissions Actually Works 0618

Britain’s Biggest CO2 Emitter Is Building Europe’s 1st Negative Emissions Plant 0518

Global Alliance Puts Carbon Capture Back on the Agenda 0518

Wyoming Inaugurates Center to Test Uses for Captured CO2 - 0518

US Tax Incentives Expected to Grow CO2 Capture, Sequestration Projects 0318

$7 Million Carbon Storage Test Site Inaugurated in Southern Alberta 1017

U.S. Energy Secretary Asks Oil Industry to Study Carbon Capture Technology 0917

Clean Coal Showcase Forced to Stick with Natural Gas 0617

1st-of-Its-Kind Clean Coal Plant May Not Burn Coal at All 0617

Quest to Capture and Store Carbon Just Reached a New Milestone 0417 - BCCS - Illinois ethanol fuel plant with CCS

“100% Renewable Energy” Will Require Nukes, CCS and/or Seasonal Storage 0317

After 16 Attempts, a Cheaper Method for Carbon Capture at Work in India 0217

America’s 1st ‘Clean Coal’ Plant Is Now Operational, and Another Is on the Way 0117

Indian Firm Makes Carbon Capture Breakthrough 0117 - Alternative to amine needs less energy, smaller equipment.

Can Carbon Capture Technology Prosper Under Trump? 0117

The Search Is On for Pulling Carbon from the Air 1216 - emphasis on CCS, also spread silicates onto farmlands

Energy Department Backs Huge Louisiana Project to Store CO2 Underground 1216

Trapping Carbon Works, but High Cost to Limit Its Use to Essential Processes 1116

World’s 1st Commercially Viable, Zero-Carbon Coal Power Plant ‘Game Changer’ 1016

Coal CEO - Drop Climate Debate, Focus on Coal's Role in Emissions Reduction 0916

Shell’s Carbon Capture Project in Alberta’s Oil Sands Passes Milestone 0916

Pump CO2 into Rocks, Report Urges 0916

Rotterdam Offers Burial at Sea for Greenhouse Gases 0716

Negative Emissions Tested at World’s 1st Major BECCS Facility 0616 - CCS from ethanol, not coal

Burying Pollution Tested With $1.5 Billion Project in Australia 0416

Massive Carbon Capture Investment ‘Needed to Slow Global Warming' 0416

Oslo Trash Incinerator Starts Experiment to Slow Climate Change 0116 - CCS

Nanostructure and Nanonet Solar Cells, CCS, SRM Could Slow Climate Change 1215

UK Cancels Pioneering £1 Billion Carbon Capture and Storage Competition 1115

Saskatchewan Power Plant Set Out to Prove Coal Can Be Clean.  Did It Work? 1015

BYU's Cryogenic Carbon Capture Could Dramatically Reduce Pollution 1015

Drax Pulls Out of £1 Billion Carbon Capture Project 0915

Pragmatic Ways to Capture Carbon from Ambient Air & Smokestacks 0615

False Promise of ‘Carbon Capture' Exposed 0515

Mississippi Coal-Fired Power Plant with CCS, Partly Built, Loses Steam 0515

New Mexico State U Researcher Creates CCS Material to Slow Climate Change 0315

Turning Carbon Dioxide Into Rock, and Burying It 0215

US Government Abandons Carbon-Capture Demonstration 0215

Has Carbon Capture’s Time Finally Come? 1214

We Now Know How to Save the Planet - for $17.6 Trillion 1214

Mining Companies Lead New Push for Carbon Capture and Burial 1114

Canada Switches On World's 1st Carbon Capture Power Plant 1014

Carbon Capture's Energy Penalty Problem 1014

Storing CO2 Underground—for a Million Years 1014

Large-Scale Carbon Capture Project Breaks Ground in the Oil Patch 0914

Carbon Capture and Storage Finally Approaching Debut 0814

China Effort to Store CO2 Costly, But Attempt Must Be Made 0514

2 Plants to Put ‘Clean Coal’ to Test 0414

EU Green Light for UK Carbon Capture and Storage Project 0414

Striving To Capture Carbon 1113

Carbon Capture Aids Environment, But Feasibility Is a Barrier 1113

Is China the Last Hope for Carbon Capture Technology? 1013

Carbon Capture Hopes Dashed by High Costs 0913

Could Future Power Plants Use CCS to Produce Zero Emissions? 0913

Norway Drops ‘Moon Landing’ as Mongstad Carbon Capture Scrapped 0913

Bid to Clean the Air with Algae 0813

Greenhouse Gas Controls Not So Far Off 0813 

Is There a Fix for Global Warming Under Our Feet? 0713 

Federal Clean Coal Power Project Faces Uncertain Future 0413 

CCS Coal Plant Opens in Queensland 1212 

Scots' Longannet Carbon Capture Axed 1011 

AEP Shelves Major Carbon Capture Project 0711 

‘Green’ Cement Captures & Stores CO2 - 0110

Carbon Markets $359 Billion in 2014, CCS Break-Even at $25-40/T CO2 - 0110

China Pushes for CO2 Storage 1109 

CCS Cheaper Than Thought 1009 

GE to Power World's Biggest CCS 1009 

Carbon Capture & Sequestration in WV 0909

New CCS Plant in Germany 1108 

CCS Pilot Plant in Germany 0908 

Carbon Sequestration Progress 0208 

Underground CO2 Sequestration Industry 0407 - PDF, 24 pp

Carbon Capture & Underground Storage - IPCC 0207 - PDF, 62 pp

Carbon Capture & Storage Process - Herzog 1106 - PDF of 60 slides.  See some below.

Post-Combustion CCS Process

Oxyfuel CCS Process

Pre-Combustion CCS Process, in IGCC Coal Plant

CCS Costs - Relative and Absolute

Air Pollution - Coal, etc.

Serious Health Effects' of Wildfire Smoke across Western US, Warm Experts 0818

Choking on Beijing's Clean Air Costs 1217 - Switching 200,000 to 3.5 or even 37 million rural households from dirty home coal stoves (bigger air polliution source than coal-fired power plants) to natural gas costs $1,250 to $1,540 per household.

India to Introduce Clean Fuels Faster to Combat Delhi Smog Crisis 1117 - Cut sulfur 80% in diesel, gasoline in 2018.

Change in the Air 1117 - mostly about industrial pollution, indoors.  But forest fires killed 100,000 in Indonesia in 2015, releasing more CO2 than India and Japan combined.

Breathing Fire 1117 - health impacts of smoke inhalation from recent US forest fires

Pollution Linked to 9 Million Deaths Worldwide in 2015 - 1017

Napa Fires Make San Francisco Air Worse than Beijing 1017

Air Pollution Kills Half a Million People a Year in Europe, EU Agency Reports 1017

China's Northern Cities Face Soot-Free Winter with Gas Revolution 1017

Extreme Wildfires Could Lead to Long-Term Lung Damage in the US 0917

How Much of Your Life Air Pollution Steals from You, Based on Where You Live 0917 - 3 years in north China, 4 in India (10 in New Delhi), a bit less than 1 in Los Angeles, very small amounts in much of the US

Renewable Energy Isn’t Just Cutting Costs, It’s Saving Lives 0817

Air Pollution Deaths Expected to Rise because of Climate Change 0717

Medical Experts Say Lending to Adani Is the Same as Supporting Big Tobacco 0617

Coal to Solar Switch Could Save 52,000 US Lives per Year 0617

Bangladesh Coal Plant Could Cause 6,000 Early Deaths 0517

Myanmar Coal Plant Growth Could Kill 280,000 - 0517

Converting Coal Would Help China's Smog at Climate's Expense 0417

Climate Change 'Makes Deadly China Pollution Worse' 0317

‘Airpocalypse’ Smog Events in China Linked to Melting Ice Cap 0317

Push for Diesel Leaves London Gasping Amid Record Pollution 0217

Warmer World Is Making China’s Smog Woes Even Worse 0217

City of Beijing Vows 30% Cut in Coal Use in 2017, to Fight Smog 0217

100,000 Died from Indonesia’s Unpunished Air Pollution from Forest Fires in 2015 - 0217

Phasing Out Coal, Wood, Dung Cookstoves a ‘Win-Win’ for Climate and Health 0217

EPA under Scott Pruitt Could Add Billions to U.S. Health Care Costs 0117

Southeast Asia’s Coal Boom Could Cause 70,000 Deaths per Year by 2030 - 0117

Hazier Days in the High Country, Western U.S., due to Drought and Forest Fires 0117

Top China Coal Province Vows 20% Cut in Pollution by 2020 - 1216

Smog Linked to 1/3 of Deaths in China 1216

China’s Bad Air Estimated to Cause 1.37 Million Premature Deaths in 2013 - 1116

Nov. 2016, from different study from the one above.

Toxic Smog in World's Most Polluted City May Soon Hit Economy 1116

Paris Climate Targets to Cost Asia $300 Billion a Year, but Will Help Save Lives 0916

Hidden Cost of Death Is in the Air 0916 - 10% of GDP in China, 8% in India, etc. - World Bank

‘Smoke Waves’ Will Affect Millions in Coming Decades 0816 - PM2.5 from burning forests, not coal

Wildfire Smoke Problem Intensifies with Climate Change 0816 - PM2.5 from burning forests

Coal Burning Causes the Most Air Pollution Deaths in China 0816 - 366,000 a year.  Another 177,000 from transport, etc.

Coal Dust Kills 23,000 per Year in EU 0716

China’s Smog Knocks 2 Years off Life Expectancy – IEA 0616

Japan's Coal-Fired Plants 'to Cause 1,000s of Early Deaths’ 0516

Air Pollution Shortens Your Life in India by 3.4 Years, Worst  in Delhi 0516
     China’s decrease in life from air pollution appears worse.  See 0114 and 0815 articles below.

Australia’s Air Pollution Increases 69%, as Coal Named Top Polluter 0416

Greenhouse Gas Cuts May Prevent 295,000 US Deaths by 2030 - 0216

India’s Pollution Levels Beat China’s 0216

Polluted Air Causes 5.5 Million Deaths a Year 0216

Pollution Crisis Is Choking the Chinese Economy 0216 - cuts GDP 6.5% annually

Air Pollution Raises Risk of Death 'for Decades after Exposure' 0216

End of Fossil Fuels Won't Come Too Soon ror Millions Breathing Toxic Air 1215

Echoing Beijing, Poles Sound Alert on Rampant Smog 1215

In India, Mumbai's Mountains of Imported Coal Pose Health Hazard 1115

India's Coal-Fueled Economy Takes a Toll on Environment and Rural Villagers 1015

Enormous Social Cost of Cheap Coal 0915

US and Australian Taxpayers Pay Billions a Year to Fund Coal 0915

Coal Burning Costs UK £2.5-7.1 Billion Annually from Premature Deaths 0915

Is It Too Late to Stop Turkey's Coal Rush? 0815

Study Links Polluted Air in China to 1.6 Million Deaths a Year 0815

Health Groups Praise Obama Plan on Coal, Saying It Will Save Lives 0815

Kind of Blue - China’s Air Pollution Not as Terrible as Before 0715

How China, the World's Biggest Polluter, Is Dealing with Climate Change 0715

Coal in Poland Lowering Life Spans 0615

US Coal Industry Fighting for Survival on 7 Fronts 0615 - 7 sets of regulations, 2 of them about CO2

World’s Worst Air Spurs Modi’s $25 Billion Utility Clean-Up Push for India 0515

In China, a Tug of War over Coal Gas - Cleaner Air But Worse for the Climate 0515

China's Coal Usage Targeted in New Energy Plan 0315

Coal - Burning Up Australia’s Future 0315

China's ‘War' on Air Pollution May Emit More CO2, due to Scrubbers kWh Penalty 0315

Documentary on Air Pollution Grips China 0315

India vs China - Airpocalypse 0215

Mr. President, World’s Worst Air Is Taking 6 Hours Off Your Life 0115

Beijing’s Toxic Air Is Literally Off the Charts 0115

China Pollution - Beijing Smog Hits Hazardous Levels 0115

Ex-DoE Secretary Chu Sees Genuine China Coal Retreat 1214

Coal's Black Wind - Pregnant Women in Parts of India Advised to Stay Away 1114

Coal Rush in Horribly Polluted India Could Tip Balance on Climate Change 1114

For Central Heat, China Has a North-South Divide at Qin-Huai Line 1114

Cost of China's Dependence on Coal - 670,000 Deaths a Year 1114

Air Pollution Slashes India's Potential Grain Yields by Half 1114

South Africa’s Coal-Fired Power Stations Carry Heavy Health Costs 0914

China's 'War on Pollution' Sees Coal Drop for First Time in Century 0814

Smoggy Beijing to Ban Coal Use 0814

What Beijing Abandoning Coal Means (Add 16 Years to Beijinger's Life!) 0814

US Unveils Sharp Curbs on Coal Power Plants 0614

Justices Back Rule Limiting Coal Pollution 0414

EPA Scores Big Win to Limit Mercury in Power Plants 0414

World Must End 'Dirty' Fuel Use - UN 0414

Beijing's Air Pollution Is Shaving Up To 16 Years Off Chinese People's Lives 0114

"Clean Up Your Act," UN Climate Chief Urges Coal Industry 1113

Pollution Is Affecting Nature of China's Energy Market 1113

Measuring Longview Terminal's Potential Impact on Climate 1013

Kids Get Smog Day As Pollution Shuts Down China's Harbin 1013

China Wants to Cut Down on Coal - That's Bad for Global Warming 0913

How Climate Change Could Make Mercury Pollution Worse 0913

Cleaner Air from Tackling Climate Change Would Save Millions of Lives 0913

Coal Splutters as China Seeks Breath of Fresh Air 0913

China to Curb Coal Use to Combat Air Pollution 0913

New Coal-Fired Power Stations in Guangdong Will Kill Thousands 0813

Burning Coal Shortens Lives in China 0713

Supreme Court to Hear EPA Appeal on Cross-State Pollution Rule 0613

Europe's 300 Largest Coal Plants' Emissions Kill 22,300 a Year 0613

Coal-Fired Plant Emissions Near Beijing Killed 9,900 in 2011 0613

Beijing to Shut Coal-Fired Boilers to Clean Up Air 0513

Indian Coal Power Plants Kill 120,000 a Year 0313

Coal Burning Exacts Lethal Price in Europe: $55 Billion a Year 0313

Beijing Air Pollution Soars to Hazard Level 0113

Coal's Assault on Human Health - Physicians for Social Responsibility 1109 - PDF, 64 pp



     Fine (very small) particulates (PM2.5) have the worst health effects.

Hidden Cost of China's Coal = $250B a Year 1008

Coal

     At left, the World Coal Association shows the world's top coal producers, in order by thousands of tonnes, as China, US, India, Indonesia, Australia, Russia, South Africa, Germany, Poland, and Kazakhstan.  The list of top consumers differs.  Indonesia, Poland & Kazakhstan are not even on it.  Data is from 2012.


Coal - General Problems

Fossil Fuels Account for Lowest % of U.S. Energy Use in over a Century 0718

India's Huge Solar Ambitions Could Push Coal Further into the Shade 0618

The Fossil Fuel Industry Is Weaker than Ever 0618

Coal Generator That Trump Tried to Save Files for Bankruptcy 0418

Majority of Australians Support Phasing Out Coal Power by 2030 - 0318

Group Pushing Climate Skepticism Tries to Save Coal Plants 0218

New Renewables Will Be Cheaper than Existing Coal Plants by Early 2020s - Utility CEO 0118

China Construction Bank Won't Grant Loan for Adani Coal Mine Project 1217 - World’s 2nd largest bank follows otehr Chinese banks in passing over big Australia project.

The 'Kodak Moment' for Coal - Why the Adani Mine Could Be a Financial Disaster 1117 - when digital replaced Kodak film

India Battles to Balance the Economy and the Environment 1117

The War on Coal Is Over.  Coal Lost. 1017

Coal in Decline - Adani in Question and Australia Out of Step 0817

Push for New Coal-Fired Power Station in Queensland 'Nonsense' – State Minister 0717

Energy Economics Group Says Export Market for Australian Coal Will Decline 0717

Coal’s Decline Not Hurting Power Grid Reliability, Study Says 0617

As Solar and Wind Prices Fall, Coal’s Future is Fading Fast, BNEF Says 0617

Pruitt Says Coal Losses Make the Grid Vulnerable.  Not Really 0617

States’ Appetite for Coal Shrinks, except in Nebraska 0517

Coal Country’s Power Plants Are Turning Away From Coal 0517

New Coal Mines Will Worsen Poverty and Escalate Climate Change 0517

China Is Planning Ahead for Life after Coal 0517

Big, Young Coal power Plants Are Closing.  Is It a New Trend? 0417

Britain Set to Have Its 1st Coal-Free Electricity Day Since Industrial Revolution 0417

India's Coal Plants Are Being Shelved at a Rapid Pace 0417

Chased by Drought, Rising Costs, and Clean Technology, India Pivots on Coal-Fired Power 0417

Coal Is on the Way Out at Electric Utilities, No Matter What Trump Says 0417

EU Energy Companies Pledge No New Coal Plants after 2020 - 0417

Why One Powerful Republican Doubts Trump's Climate Policy 0317 - Utility commissioner sees carbon price in th future.  Non-coal is the cheapest course for the future.

Top US Coal Boss Robert Murray - Trump ‘Can't Bring Mining Jobs Back' 0317

How Trump's Moves on Coal Will Affect the Industry 0317

Plans for Coal-Fired Power Plants Globally Drop by Almost Half in 2016 - 0317

Early Surge in US Coal Usage in 2017 May Not Last 0317

China's Coal Consumption Falls for 3rd Year in a Row, 4.7% 0217

How EU Can Limit Coal’s Life for the Cost of a Pint of Beer 0217

Indonesia’s Last Stand for a Coal Industry in Peril 0217

Australia’s CEFC Warns against Risky Investment in ‘Clean Coal' Technology 0217

India Plans Nearly 60% of Electricity Capacity from Non-Fossil Fuels by 2027 - 1216 - no new coal till at least 2027

Electricity from Coal Should Be Phased Out in Australia – Senate Report 1116

More Coal Plants Will Deepen Poverty - Not Cut It, Researchers Warn 10116

Renewable Energy Capacity Overtakes Coal 1016

India’s Solar Power Is Set to Outshine Coal 1016

Coal Electricity Generation Falls to Record UK Low This Spring 0916

Galilee Basin (Australia) Coal Must Be Left in Ground as a ‘Priority’ – New Report 0916

Global Coal Power Plans Fall in 2016, Led by China, India 0916

Coal India’s Production Boom Bulldozes Villages 0716

Coal and Gas to Stay Cheap.  But Renewables Still Win Race on Costs 0616

Solar, Wind on Pace to Eclipse Coal-Burning 0616

Coal Production in US Plummets to Lowest Level in 35 Years 0616

NSW Report Banks on DELUSION of Rising Coal Output, Royalties Out to 2056 - 0516

As Drought Grips South Africa, a Conflict over Water and Coal 0516

Coal's Stranded Assets 0516 - Coal reserves are not counted.  9 of world’s 12 biggest coal companies are bankrupt or don’t earn enough to pay their interest bills.

Plans for Coal-Fired Power in Asia Are ‘Disaster for Planet', Warns World Bank 0516

China Curbs Plans for 200 More Coal-Fired Power Plants 0416

Peabody, the Global Coal Mining Leader, Files for Bankruptcy 0416

Solar Power Sets New British Record by Beating Coal for a Day 0416

US Coal Industry on a Steep Decline, as Cheap Natural Gas Rises 0416

Coal Power Glut Puts $US1 Trillion of Investment at Risk 0316

Coal Suffering Bleak Year in China, on Weakening Industrial Use 0316
     China’s coal use to fall 2% this year, on top of 3.7% decline in 2015 and 2.9% in 2014.

Peabody Coal's Bankruptcy Would Be Rocket Fuel to End Fossil Fuel Investment 0316

Water Shortage in Northern China Tied to Coal Plants 0316

Is It Game Over for Coal? 0316

As Coal’s Future Grows Murkier, Banks Pull Financing 0316

US Mining Companies Pay Far Less than They Should for Taxpayer-Owned Coal 0316

Cheap Federal Coal Supports Largest U.S. Producers 0316

Peabody Energy's Demise Parallels the Decline of King Coal 0316

Utilities Cut Coal Use Amid Clean Power Plan Fight 0316

2nd Year of China Coal Cuts Might Bring Its Emissions Peak Closer 0316

Move to Cleaner Power Is Proceeding, regardless of Supreme Court’s Ruling 0216

AGL Exits New South Wales, Queensland Coal Seam Gas 0216

Federal Coal Sales Moratorium Shakes Industry Stronghold 0216

India Coal Plant Developer Switches to Solar for Site in Punjab 0116

Australian Coal Mines Are One of Riskiest Investments in the World 0116

Exxon Sees a World with Less Carbon, with Higher-Cost Emissions 0116

China’s Coal Use Declines as Electricity Demand Falls Flat 0116

Natural Gas Likely Overtook Coal as Top U.S. Power Source in 2015 - 0116

China's Coal-Burning in Significant Decline, Figures Show 0116

More US Solar Jobs than Oil + Gas Extraction & Pipeline Jobs Combined In 2015 - 0116

The Coal Industry Is Off to a Terrible, Very Bad Year 0116

Arch Coal, 2nd Largest Coal Miner in US, Files for Bankruptcy 0116

Heat Waves, Drought May Curb Global Power Output 0116

Polish Government Chokes on Coal 1215

Coal Plans Would Derail 2°C Warming Target 1215

Turks Rally for Coal-Free Future on 1st Day of G20 - 1115

Peabody [Coal] Energy Agrees to Greater Disclosures of Financial Risks 1115

Analysts Expect Bankruptcy for Arch Coal, Reflecting Industry Woes 1115

Coal Not Coming Back, Appalachian Power President Says 1015

Oil, Coal Companies Risk Plague of Lawsuits, as Climate Change Tide Turns 1015

Study Suggests Fossil Fuel Demand Is Beginning a Nosedive 1015

U.S. Leads Industrialized Nations in Shift from Coal 1015

India's Coal-Fueled Economy Takes a Toll on Environment and Rural Villagers 1015

China's Economic Shift to Aid Climate Fight but Packs a Commodity Punch 1015

Coal, Which Built Chinese City of Fushun, Now Threatens to Bury It 1015

'Clean Coal' Group Downsizing, amid Industry Struggles 0915

Fading Coal Industry in China May Offer Chance to Aid Climate 0915

This Ohio Utility Has a Plan to Save Coal Power - Force Customers to Buy It 0915

Is It Too Late to Stop Turkey's Coal Rush? 0815

King Coal, Long Besieged, Is Deposed by the Market 0815

Cheap Power or Clean Energy?  India’s $200 Billion Dilemma 0715

China’s Anti-Pollution Drive Starts to Bite on Sales of Coal 0715

Coal Is Losing the War on Coal & Its Enemies Are Multiplying 0715

China June Coal Output Fell Nearly 5% from a Year Ago - Stats Bureau 0715

Gas Overtakes Coal at US Power Stations 0715 - 31 vs 30% in April.  US coal share prices are down 98 to 99.6% since April 2011.  Coal bonds are junk, with 17.9% rate.  As junk evidence, Arch Coal offered 45¢ to retire each $1 of its debt.

“Coal Is Not Dead’ - Aussie Study Describes Forces behind Coal Renaissance 0715 - World coal use grew strongly from 1990 to 2011.  But the study ignores negative growth since then.  Australian coal beats other coal exporters.

How China, the World's Biggest Polluter, Is Dealing with Climate Change 0715

New Coal Plants ‘Most Urgent' Threat to the Planet, Warns OECD Head 0715

French (& Other) Banks Won’t Invest in Bangladesh’s Rampal Coal Plant 0615

US Coal Industry Fighting for Survival on 7 Fronts 0615 - 7 sets of regulations, 2 of them about CO2

How Renewable Energy in South Africa Is Quietly Stealing a March on Coal 0615

Inside the War on Coal 0515 - US.  Note how little coal capacity is being added: in Wyoming and NW Texas.  Even in Wyoming, far more new MW will come from wind than coal.  The apparent coal-fired addition east of Santa Maria CA is a puzzle.  A very efficient gas-fired power plant opened there in ~2012, but news of such a coal plant is not to be found.


China's CO2 Emissions Have Been Plummeting Lately.  What's Going On? 0515 - unreliable statistics?  war on coal?

Over January-April, from 2014, China Cut Coal Use and CO2 as Much as UK Uses 0515 - coal down 8%, CO2 5%

In China, a Tug of War over Coal Gas - Cleaner Air But Worse for the Climate 0515

China to Expand Coal Ban to Suburbs 0515

China Can Cut Cord on Coal (Mostly) by 2050 - 0415 - See Renewables page for PDF and 3 graphs excerpted from it.

Carbon Reserves Held by Top Fossil Fuel Companies Soar 0415

Thousands Protest against Coal-Fired Power Plant in Heyuan, China 0415

Why China Should Make Cutting Coal Power Its #1 Goal 0415

US Coal Industry Lost Nearly 50,000 Jobs in Just 5 Years 0415

US Coal Sector in ‘Structural Decline', Financial Analysts Say 0315

‘Ugly' Balance Sheets May Lead Coal Companies to ‘Run Out of Time’ 0315

China’s Push to Cut Coal Use May Be Bad News for U.S. Exporters 0315

Mirroring Oil, Coal Price Is Plunging Too 0215

Coal Industry Waits For Market to Turn 0215

China 2014 Coal Output Down 2.5%,1st Drop in a Decade 0115

Losing Streak Continues for U.S. Coal Export Terminals 0115

Texas Becoming Less Reliant on Coal to Generate Electricity 1214

China to Slow Down New Coal-to-Gas Projects a Lot, to Cut CO2 Emissions 1214 - Water too!

How the 'War on Coal' Went Global 1214

Ex-DoE Secretary Chu Sees Genuine China Coal Retreat 1214

China's Carbon Goal a Tough Sell in Coal Country 1214

Ambre Energy Selling Oregon, Washington Coal Export Terminals as Coal Price Slumps 1114

Coal versus Climate in Australia 1114

Coal Industry Does Almost Nothing to Ease Energy Poverty 1114

China's Coal Imports Drop for 1st Time Since It Became Net Coal Importer 1014

China's Coal Use Is Actually Falling Now, for the 1st Time This Century 1014

Coal Industry's Appalachian Woes Go Beyond Gas, EPA Rules 1014

Green Village to Be Bulldozed to Mine Lignite, as Germany Goes Non-Nuclear 0914

China May Be Ready to Kick Coal Habit 0914

Dirtiest U.S. Coal Becoming Most Popular, Due to New EPA Rules 0914

China's 'War on Pollution' Sees Coal Drop for First Time in Century 0814

Coal’s Reign Ebbing in U.K. May Delay New Plants 0814

Dirtiest Fuel Threatens 700-Year-Old Villages in Europe 0814

What Beijing Abandoning Coal Means for the Rest of the World 0814

Smoggy Beijing to Ban Coal Use 0814

China's Coal Industry Says Times Are Hard, Outlook Worse 0714

Coal Company Pain Accelerates, as Bankruptcy Cases Rise 0714

End of the Coal Era in Massachusetts 0614

Beginning of the End for Coal?  Citi Sees Structural Decline. 0514

Coal Missing Boom, as Climate Foes Clean Asia’s Backyard 0514

China’s Thirsty Coal Industry Guzzles Precious Water 0514

China Slashes Spending on New Fossil-Fuel Power Plants 0514

China's Coal Boom Is Slowing — That's a Big Deal for Climate Change 0414

Battle Looms Over Renewable Energy; Fossil Fuel Interests Are Losing 0414

War on Coal - Phony or Real? 1113

Toll on Coal 0913

Appalachian Fall 0913

Coal’s Future Darkens Around the World 0913

US Coal Companies Scale Back Export Goals 0913

Facing Tough Market at Home, US Coal Giant Peabody Pushes Overseas 0713

Are Gas & Climate Goals Flattening US Coal Giant's Stock Price? 0713

China's Soaring Coal Use Makes Its Water Scarcity Much Worse 0713

Coal Shares Plunge Ahead of Obama’s Climate-Change Speech 0613

Supreme Court to Hear EPA Appeal on Cross-State Pollution Rule 0613

New Carbon Pollution Rules Could Still Be Years Away 0613

Australian Coal Industry Report Warns Against Leaving Carbon in the Ground 0613

China to Cut Coal Use in Key Industrial Regions 0613

In Top Coal State, Gas to Fuel Next Power Plant 0513

China’s Hunger for American Coal in Doubt 0513

Proposed Coal Shipping Terminal Bites the Dust 0513

In Montana, Ranchers Line Up Against Coal 0413

Coal Power’s Water Demands Drying Up Northern China 0313

Texas Discourages Big Coal Plant 0213

Booming Coal Exports Threaten Great Barrier Reef 0213

War on Coal Being Won in US, Lost in Asia 1112

Over 1200 Global Coal Plants Planned 1112

Combined Heat & Power Can Replace Retiring US Coal Plants 0912

Coal Plant Economics & CO2 - Synapse 0207 - PDF, 32 pp of slides

     The 1st 3 graphs below plot 2006 $ / MWh (vertical) versus carbon price, in $ / ton of CO2 equivalent.
$ / ton of carbon = 11/3 times as much.  The graph at lower right, about GW of coal-fired power, runs from 2003 to 2032.




Making Coal Costlier

Coal-Reliant Philippines Struggles to Power Up Clean Energy 0518

Half of All U.S. Coal Plants Would Lose Money Without Regulation 0318

China Risks Wasting $490 Billion on Coal Plants 1116

Mining Companies Pay Far Less than They Should for Taxpayer-Owned Coal 0316

Cheap Federal Coal Supports Largest U.S. Producers 0316

Solar Power May Be Cheaper than Coal in India by 2020 - 1115 - prices below are in Rupees (~1.5¢US): 0-16 Rupees/kWh

Coal Not Coming Back, Appalachian Power President Says 1015

Ameren (St. Louis+ Electric Utility) Report Outlines Issues with Carbon Rules 0215

Grand Island, Nebraska Coal Power Plant Upgrade Complete 1214

France to Stop Credits for Coal Projects in Developing Countries 1114

China Bid to Curb Coal Output Seen Lifting Prices by 10% - 0914

EPA Climate Rule Economically Feasible, Study Says 0714

Wall Street Demands Answers from Producers on Unburnable Carbon 1013

Social Costs of Electricity from Coal Make It Uneconomical 0913

Coal at Risk as Global Lenders Drop Financing on Climate 0813

Southern Co. Absorbs $450M More Losses for Over-Budget Miss. Coal Plant 0713

World Bank to Limit Financing of Coal-Fired Plants 0713

Coal Shares Plunge Ahead of Obama’s Climate-Change Speech 0613

Supreme Court to Hear EPA Appeal on Cross-State Pollution Rule 0613

Obama Readies Power Plant CO2 Emissions Limits 0613

US Coal Industry Is in Even More Trouble after 2016 0413

Idaho Power Faces Costly Decision on Old Coal Plants 0213

Aging Coal Plants Trigger Mission Bankruptcy 1212

Another 59 GW of US Coal Power Too Costly to Run 1112

More US Coal Plants to Retire Due to Green Rules 1012

Coal Is a Risky Proposition Exec Sum 0511 - PDF

EPA Transport Rule Won't Hurt Electric Reliability 0810

EPA Transport Rule to Cut Emissions Deeply 0710

Financing US Coal Plants Gets Tougher 0208


Coal - Power Plant Closings & Decarbonization

Xcel Plans to Shut 660 MW of Coal, Build 1.8 GW Renewables in Colorado 0618

Duke Energy’s Climate Report Charts Path to Reduce Coal Use by 2030 - 0318

GOP Is Trying to Prop Up Coal, but Plants Keep Closing 0318

China Beats 2017 Coal-Fired Power Capacity Reduction Target - Xinhua 0318

Consumers Energy to Stop Burning Coal by 2040 - 0218

France Is Officially Shutting All Coal-Fired Power Plants in 3 Years 0118

Under Trump, Coal Is Still Losing Out to Natural Gas 0118

Xcel Learns to Forecast Wind, Then Shuts Coal Plants 1217

Canada, Britain to Tout Coal Phase-Out as U.S. Champions Fossil Fuels 1117

German Coal Mining Could End by 2030s, Says Merkel’s Coalition Negotiator 1117

This Year, as Winter Nears, Residents of China's Coal Country Turn to Gas 1117

Coal Plant Closures Are Coming to Texas.  So What Market Changes Are Needed? 1017

China Energy Regulator Raises Targets for Curbing Coal-Fired Power 0817

Beijing Aims to Curb City's Use of Coal by 2020 - 0717

West Virginia Coal Production Decline Expected to Continue 0617

The World’s Largest Coal Mining Company Is Closing 37 Sites 0617

Massachusetts Closes Door on Coal, Looks to New Beginnings 0617

NV Energy Pulls Plug on Its Last Coal-Fired Power Plant near Vegas 0317

Coal Plants Keep Closing on Trump's Watch 0217

Thai Junta Puts Coal-Fired Power Plant Plan on Hold 0217

West’s Largest Coal-Fired Power Plant Is Closing 0217

Developers Withdraw Bellingham Coal Terminal Applications, Ending Project 0217

West’s Largest Coal Plant May Close, Latest of Many. 0117

China Halts over 100 Coal Power Projects 0117

Michigan's Biggest Electric Provider Phasing Out Coal, despite Trump 1116

Alberta Reaches $1.36 Billion Deal to Shut Down Coal Plants 1116

Ottawa to Phase Out Canadian Coal by 2030 - 1116

Britain's Last Coal Power Plants to Close by 2025 - 1116

7 Texas Coal Plants Could Close in Coming Years 0916

Puget Sound Energy Agrees to Shut Part of Montana Coal-Power Plant 0716

South Korea Considers Shutdown of Old Coal Power Plants to Cut Emissions 0616

Coal Plants Disappeared from MidContinent ISO -- and So Did Demand 0516

Germany to Exit Coal Power ‘Well before 2050' - 0516

Rapid Decline of Coal Use Leads to 4% Drop in UK Emissions 0316

Scotland Closes Its Last Coal-Fired Power Plant 0316

Peabody Energy Flags Bankruptcy Risk, after Skipping Interest Payment 0316

US Coal Power Plant Retirements Surge 0316

Connecticut's Last Coal-Fired Power Plant to Be Closed 0216

Coal Slides to New Low as Source of US Electricity 0116

Oregon Utilities Agree to Phase Out Coal-Fired Power 0116

China to Halt New Coal Mine Approvals, amid Pollution Fight 1215

Polish Government Chokes on Coal 1215

Mass Layoffs in China’s Coal Country Threaten Unrest 1215

Missing Climate Goals, Dutch Mull Closing Coal Plants 1115

UK's Coal Plants 'to Be Phased Out within 10 Years' 1115

Merkel's `Black Gold' Loses Shine, as Lignite Phase-Out Begins 1015

U.K. Said to Consider Closing All Coal-Fired Plants by 2023 - 1015

Number of U.S. Coal Mines Falls to Lowest on Record 0915

Iowa Utility Will Phase Out Coal At 5 Plants 0715

Ohio University, in Coal Country, to Switch from Coal to Natural Gas 0715

Bluer Skies?  Beijing Picks up Pace in Cutting Coal Dependence 0715

Germany to Shut Down 2.7 GW of Coal-Fired Plants, Extend Power Grid 0715

Inside the US War on Coal 0515

Kentucky May Accidentally Comply With EPA's Clean Power Plan 0515

Duke Plans Natural Gas-Fired Plant in Asheville to Replace Coal One 0515

Here’s What China Closing Coal-Power Plants Means for Emissions 0415

End of an Era - Mercury Rule Shutters Utah's Oldest Power Plant

Michigan State University President Announces Coal Phase-Out 0415

Georgia Power’s Yates Plant to Shut Down Coal Units by Mid-April 0315

Beijing to Shut All Major Coal Power Plants to Cut Pollution 0315

1,000 MW HVDC Line from Ontario Replaces Pennsylvania Coal Plants 0315

China's Coal Usage Targeted in New Energy Plan 0315

Kansas City Power & Light Will Stop Using Coal at Some of Its Generating Units 0115

EU’s Biggest Coal Group to Cut Jobs, Close Mines to Survive 0115

Chinese Coal Demand Fell in 2014 - 0115

‘Worst of Worst’ Coal Project in Indonesia’s Kalimantan in Doubt After Snub 1214

China Government Plans More Coal Mine Closures Through 2016 - 1214

Global Coal Demand Growth to Slow in Next 5 Years, due to China, IEA Says 1214

Coal Demand Set to Break 9 Billion Tonne Barrier This Decade 1214

Germany May Shut Down 8 More Coal Power Plants 1114

Victorian State Election 2014 - Will Market Force Out Coal Power Stations? 1114

Denmark Considers Phasing Out Coal by 2025, in Big Green Shift 1114

Arizona Public Service Will Close 1 of the 4 Generators at Cholla Power Plant 0914

Beginning of the End for Coal?  Citi Sees Structural Decline. 0514    The charts just below are about the US.


     A US Department of Energy's tally of historic and planned retirements, below, (about 33 GW) is about 10% of US coal-fired power.  Other organizations, and especially estimates made on other dates, yield different GW numbers.

Below are 2 more EIA coal plant retirement graphs, from about a year earlier.
Note the 37 GW increase in closings announced above, compared to below (earlier).


     Almost all the expected (as of Dec. 2010) 40-55 GW of coal-fired retirements below will take place at merchant power plants, which sell power into competitive wholesale markets, rather than at regulated-utility plants, which sell power to retail customers.  Therefore, the effects will be concentrated in the Southeast (SERC), the mid-Atlantic (RFC), and Texas (ERCOT).  The map and data below are from the North American Electric Reliability Corporation.

 Age of US Coal-Fired Power Plants

     According to one analysis, the new regulations are expected to push approximately 25,000 - 40,000 MegaWatts (MW, or 25-40 GigaWatts (GW)) of smaller, older coal plants into retirement, in addition to the 5,000 MW of retirements that have already been announced. Another analysis estimated that 50,000 MW of capacity is "at risk" of retirement.  A third analysis placed the total at 60,000 MW between 2013 and 2017.

TVA Agrees to Shut Down 18 Coal-Fired Boilers and Curb Emissions 0414

Central Government Condones Locals Destroying Coal Plant Near Beijing 0214

TVA Closing 8 Coal Units at Plants in Alabama and Kentucky 1113

China to Shut Coal Mines in Safety Overhaul 1013

Minnesota’s Largest Coal Unit Restarts, Despite Emission Concerns 1013

Largest Coal-Fired Plant in New England to Close by 2017 - 1013

Buffett Says Coal’s Slide to Be Permanent, Yet Gradual 0713

US Won’t Fund a Massive Coal Plant in Vietnam 0713

Coal's Slipping Grip #2 - Death of a Georgia Coal Plant 0713 

Coal's Slipping Grip #1 - New England Leads the Way 0713

For East Texas Coal Belt, Dread over New Climate-Change Rules 0613 

Sun Sets on 2 More US Coal Plant Projects 0613 

How Ontario Is Ending Coal Power 0413 

AEP to Stop Burning Coal at Ohio Power Plant 0213 

Ontario Phases Out Coal 0113 

Georgia Power to Close 15 Coal Units 0113 

Coal Is a Risky Proposition 1012 

9 More Coal Plants to Close 0212 

The Good News About Coal 0611

EPA Regs May Shut 50 GW of Coal 1210 

Power Sector Decarbonizing 0910 

EPA Freezes New Coal Plants 1108


Coal - China & Other Places

China's Coal Consumption Clouded in Mystery 0518

China Beats 2017 Coal-Fired Power Capacity Reduction Target - Xinhua 0318

Choking on Beijing's Clean Air Costs 1217 - Switching 200,000 to 3.5 or even 37 million rural households from dirty home coal stoves (bigger air polliution source than coal-fired power plants) to natural gas costs $1,250 to $1,540 per household.

By 2020, Every Chinese Coal Plant Will Be More Efficient than Every US Coal Plant 0517

China Creates World's 1st Coal-to-Ethanol Production Line 0317

China's Coal Consumption Falls for 3rd Year in a Row, 4.7% 0217

Indonesia’s Last Stand for a Coal Industry in Peril 0217

‘Irrational’ Coal Plants May Hamper China’s Climate Change Efforts 0217

China Halts over 100 Coal Power Projects 0117

Despite Climate Change Vow, China Pushes to Dig More Coal 1116

Coal Keeps Firm Grip on Germany, even as Renewables Flourish 1116

China May Be Entering “Post-Coal Growth.”  But Don’t Get Too Excited. 0816

China Pledged to Curb Coal Plants, but It’s Still Adding Them. 0716

China Curbs Plans for 200 More Coal-Fired Power Plants 0416

In Coal-Powered China, Electric Car Surge Fuels Fear of Worsening Smog 0116

China’s Coal Use Declines as Electricity Demand Falls Flat 0116

China's Coal-Burning in Significant Decline, Figures Show 0116

China to Halt New Coal Mine Approvals, amid Pollution Fight 1215

Polish Government Chokes on Coal 1215

Mass Layoffs in China’s Coal Country Threaten Unrest 1215

Missing Climate Goals, Dutch Mull Closing Coal Plants 1115

UK's Coal Plants 'to Be Phased Out within 10 Years' 1115

China Burns Much More Coal Than Reported, Complicating Climate Talks 1115 -
     up to 17% more, as many factories didn’t report.

China's Economic Shift to Aid Climate Fight but Packs a Commodity Punch 1015

Chinese Coal Data Cast Doubt on Historic Stalling of World CO2 - 0915

Over January-April, from 2014, China Cut Coal Use and CO2 as Much as UK Uses 0515 - Coal down 8%, CO2 5%

In China, a Tug of War over Coal Gas - Cleaner Air But Worse for the Climate 0515

China to Expand Coal Ban to Suburbs 0515

Turkey to Double Coal Capacity in 4 Years 0515

Australia’s New Coal Frontier - Mega Mines, Mega Emissions 0515

Balkan Coal Rush Risks Lasting Damage, Campaigners Warn 0515

China Can Cut Cord on Coal (Mostly) by 2050 - 0415

Thousands Protest against Coal-Fired Power Plant in Heyuan, China 0415

China 2014 Coal Output Down 2.5%,1st Drop in a Decade 0115

Chinese Coal Demand Fell in 2014 - 0115

‘Worst of Worst’ Coal Project in Indonesia’s Kalimantan in Doubt After Snub 1214

China Government Plans More Coal Mine Closures Through 2016 - 1214

China to Slow Down New Coal-to-Gas Projects a Lot, to Cut CO2 Emissions 1214 - Water too!

How the 'War on Coal' Went Global 1214

Ex-DoE Secretary Chu Sees Genuine China Coal Retreat 1214

China Will Cap Its Coal Consumption by 2020 - 1114 - China’s new 5-Year Plan (2015-2020) calls for coal use to increase from 3.75 to 4.2 billion tons a year.  It also calls for coal’s % of electricity generation to continue falling (from more than 70%), from 67% in 2013 to 62% in 2020.  China has said it will peak coal use as soon as possible and will peak its CO2 emissios by 2030.  Whether 4.2 billion tons is planned to be an all-time peak is open to interpretation.  In fact, coal consumption in 2013-14 has fallen faster than the 2010-2015 Plan calls for.

China Follows Through on its Climate Pledges 1114

China, U.S. Agree to Limit Greenhouse Gases 1114

China's Coal Imports Drop for 1st Time Since It Became Net Coal Importer 1014

China's Coal Use Is Actually Falling Now, for the 1st Time This Century 1014

Why Abbott's Faith in Coal Could Be Wrong - Very Wrong 1014
                          China coal use was down 6.7% for 2014 Q1-3, vs 2013 Q1-3.

Coal Likely to Remain India's Energy Focus as It Battles for Jobs 1014

Shock China Coal Tariff Decision Throws Australian Free Trade Talks into Turmoil 1014

China's 'War on Pollution' Sees Coal Drop for First Time in Century 0814
                                                 down 1.8% for 2014 Q1-2 vs 2013 Q1-2

China’s Plan to Limit Coal Use Could Spur Consumption for Years 0714

China's Coal Industry Says Times Are Hard, Outlook Worse 0714

China’s Thirsty Coal Industry Guzzles Precious Water 0514

China Slashes Spending on New Fossil-Fuel Power Plants 0514

China's Coal Boom Is Slowing — That's a Big Deal for Climate Change 0414

Bangladesh, Vulnerable to Climate Change, Turns to Coal Power 1113

Poland Builds Electronic Wall to Keep Out German Renewables 1113

Poland Seeks to Make 'Coal' a Less Dirty Word at U.N. Climate Talks 1113

2 Australian Coal Mines Alone Will Emit More GHGs Than 52 Countries 1113

     The coal graph, below left, is from the China Energy Group at the US Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, in "China Energy and Emission Paths to 2030 (2nd edition), as shown in the Citibank analysis that projects peak Chinese CO2 emissions by 2020.  Bernstein projects a 2016 peak.

The Citibank graph below has 2 IEA & 4 Citi curves.
The 4 Citi curves beneath the 2 IEA differ in economic growth & energy policy assumptions.

  

No Sign of King Coal's Demise, as Asian Demand Rises 1013     

Kids Get Smog Day As Pollution Shuts Down China's Harbin 1013

Key Mangrove Forest Faces Major Threat from a Coal Plant 1013

Japan on Gas, Coal Power Building Spree to Fill Nuclear Void 1013

Citibank - Expect Peak Coal in China by 2020 - 0913

Europe Whets Appetite for Coal as US Eschews It 0913

Coal Splutters as China Seeks Breath of Fresh Air 0913

China to Curb Coal Use to Combat Air Pollution 0913

New Coal-Fired Power Stations in Guangdong Will Kill Thousands 0813

Burning Coal Shortens Lives in China 0713Coal Push Strains an Already Water-Stressed China 0913

China Uses Almost Half of World's Coal 0113

Beijing Finds That Dropping Coal Is Hard to Do 1012 

China Leads in Clean Coal 0509

China's Projected Electric Energy Mix                                                     .

     US carbon intensity for electric generation in 2012 was 0.50 tCO/ MWh, while China's was a bit more than 0.7.  - USDOE/EIA
     This projection for coal power is
outdated.  Peak coal in China was once projected for after 2030, but revised by China to 2026.  Now, Citibank and Bernstein predict peak coal use in China for 2020 and 2016 respectively.  The 2015-2020 5-Year Plan suggests a 2020 peak.
    Chief factors for an earlier China peak (see Citi graphs above) are
1. horrible air pollution from coal
2. slower (4-6%/yr) GDP growth
3. natural gas revolution
4. huge wind & solar growth
5. lots more hydro & nukes
6. energy efficiency & clean coal.

     Below is a graph from the USDOE EIA.  China's newest (ultra-supercritical) coal plants operate at 45% efficiency.  China leads the world in the number of such efficient coal plants.  As more old Chinese coal-fired power plants retire, the efficiency of China's coal-fired power plant fleet will rise.  45% is considerably more efficient than the EU average of 38%, and even more efficient compared to the old 33% rule of thumb in the U.S.
     For comparison, the newest natural gas plants in the US achieve 56-60% efficiency, using combined jet engine and steam turbine cycles with the latest metallurgy, etc.

Coal - New Coal Plants & Expansion

Vietnam in Test of What Happens When the U.S. Abandons Climate Diplomacy 0518

Myanmar Coal Plant Growth Could Kill 280,000 - 0517

Pakistan Ramps Up Coal Power with Chinese-Backed Plants 0517

Indonesia’s Clean Coal Dreams 0317 - supercritical and ultra-supercritical increase efficiency, so emissions are less.

Vietnam Develops Coal Power, despite Environmental Concerns 0217

Thai Junta Puts Coal-Fired Power Plant Plan on Hold 0217

Indonesia’s Last Stand for a Coal Industry in Peril 0217

‘Irrational’ Coal Plants May Hamper China’s Climate Change Efforts 0217

Southeast Asia’s Coal Boom Could Cause 70,000 Deaths per Year by 2030 - 0117

Why Is Climate-Conscious Vietnam Choosing Coal over Nuclear? 1216

Coal India’s Production Boom Bulldozes Villages 0716

China Pledged to Curb Coal Plants, but It’s Still Adding Them. 0716

Turkey Coal Surge an ‘Historic Error,’ Say Economists 0616

NSW Report Banks on DELUSION of Rising Coal Output, Royalties Out to 2056 - 0516

Plans for Coal-Fired Power in Asia Are ‘Disaster for Planet', Warns World Bank 0516

Countries Eyeing Coal-Fired Plants Must Reassess Energy Strategy - IRENA 0516

Bangladesh Police Kill 4, Charge 1,000s over Coal Plant Protests 0416

Japan Embraces Coal, while the Rest of the World Tries to Cut Emissions 0416

Locals Oppose Plans to Build 1st Coal-Fired Power Plant in Kenya 0316

Greenpeace Says China Is Increasing Coal-Fired Capacity 0316

Pakistan Turns to Coal to Keep Factories Running 0116

As Hydropower Dries Up, Tanzania Moves toward Fossil Fuels 1215

Australia Approves Huge Abbot Point Coal Port Expansion by Great Barrier Reef 1215

India Says Paris Climate Deal Won't Affect Plans to Double Coal Output 1215

2400 Coal-Fired Power Plants Planned Despite Climate-Friendly Pledges 1215

Coal Plans Would Derail 2°C Warming Target 1215

Nations Conflict on Subsidy Rules for Exporting Coal-Fired Power Plants 1115

India Leads Asia's Dash for Coal, as Emissions Blow East 1015

Is It Too Late to Stop Turkey's Coal Rush? 0815

Cheap Power or Clean Energy?  India’s $200 Billion Dilemma 0715

Coal Renaissance Means Switching to Plan B - Carbon Pricing and CO2 Removal 0715

“Coal Is Not Dead’ - Aussie Study Describes Forces behind Coal Renaissance 0715

These 10 Billion Tons of Coal Could Erase Obama's Climate Change Progress 0515

Turkey to Double Coal Capacity in 4 Years 0515

Australia’s New Coal Frontier - Mega Mines, Mega Emissions 0515

Balkan Coal Rush Risks Lasting Damage, Campaigners Warn 0515

Cheap Electricity for Poor Squeezing Out Solar in India 1114

Coal Likely to Remain India's Energy Focus as It Battles for Jobs 1014

Coal - Burma’s New Power Battleground 0914

2 Australian Coal Mines Alone Will Emit More GHGs Than 52 Countries 1113

Key Mangrove Forest Faces Major Threat from a Coal Plant 1013

Japan on Gas, Coal Power Building Spree to Fill Nuclear Void 1013

Europe Whets Appetite for Coal as US Eschews It 0913

World Bank Aids New Indonesia Coal Project, Defying Its Policy 0913

Bank Curbs Won’t Slow Coal’s Comeback 0713

Coal to Catch Oil as #1 Energy Source in 10 Years 1212

Green Banks Sponsor Billions in Coal Plants 1211

Coal - Misc.

Trump Is Pushing Coal Abroad 1217 - US coal exports are up 70% in 2017.

Queensland Says It Won't Play Any Role in Funding for Adani Project 0517

China Creates World's 1st Coal-to-Ethanol Production Line 0317

There Are Now Twice as Many Solar Jobs as Coal Jobs in the US 0217

Coal Renaissance Means Switching to Plan B - Carbon Pricing and CO2 Removal 0715

Coal Industry Scores a Win, but Fate of Plants Still in Air 0615

Our Solar Energy Future May Still Have Lots of Coal Plants in the Background 0615

There Are About as Many Solar jobs as Coal Jobs in the US 0115

Gulf Coast Embraces U.S. Coal Shippers Rejected by West 1114

Australian Doctors Mount Coal Warning, as G20 Kicks Off 1114

China Power Plants Exempt from Low-Quality Coal Ban 0914

Oregon Blocks Another Coal Export Terminal Plan – Will Feds Help? 0814

Port Metro Vancouver OKs Massive US Coal Terminal 0814

Bad News for Big Coal - Oregon Rejects Proposed Export Terminal 0814

Kansas Considers Revised Permit for $2.8 Billion Sunflower Coal Plant 0514

Coal Foe Named to FERC Is Latest Obama Pick Drawing Ire 0813

Climate Change Will Disrupt Energy Supplies, DOE Warns 0713

Use of Coal to Generate US Power Rises 0713 - a blip in downward trend

Cheaper Gas Replaces Coal in Massachusetts 0812

Green Banks Sponsor Billions in Coal Plants 1211

AEP Aims for 10% GHG Cuts by 2020 - 0411


Oil & Gas - General, Elsewhere & World

The Carbon Bubble - Here Come the New Dirty 30s - 0618

The Fossil Fuel Industry Is Weaker than Ever 0618

Untapped “Fossil” Methane Hydrates Could Save or Ruin Our Climate 0518

The Hidden Oil Market Problem - Use Far Exceeds Discoveries 0318

Shell’s Radical Scenario for What It Would Take to Halt Climate Change 0318

How Bill Gates Aims to Clean Up the Planet 0218 - create oil from carbon captured directly from the air

World Petrol Demand ‘Likely to Peak by 2030, as Electric Car Sales Rise' 1017

Are Electric Vehicles Pushing Oil Demand Over a Cliff? 1017

France Plans to End Oil and Gas Production by 2040 - 0917

Mexico’s Methane Emissions Threaten the Environment 0717

China Taps ‘Combustible Ice’ for Energy 0717

Exxon Says Scientists Boost Lipid Content from Algae in Lab Study 0617

Oil Producer Norway Bans Use of Heating Oil in Buildings 0617

This Is How the Demise of Oil Looks 0517 - EVs, etc.

China and India’s Plans for Electric Cars Threaten to Cut Gasoline Demand 0517

Converting Coal Would Help China's Smog at Climate's Expense 0417

Oil Price Will Soar without Investment in Capacity, Says IEA 0317

Electric Cars Will Not Stem Global Demand for Oil, Says BP 0117

Oil Prices Keep Surging, after OPEC Hashes Out Production Cut Deal 1216

Oil Discoveries at 70-Year Low Signal Supply Shortfall Ahead 0816

The Coal Industry Collapsed—Is Oil Next? 0716

US Now Has World’s Largest Oil Reserve, but Global Supply Still Small 0716

Coal and Gas to Stay Cheap.  But Renewables Still Win Race on Costs 0616

Self-Driving Cars May End Gasoline Era 0416

An Oilman’s $7 Billion Course in the Economics of Drilling and Climate Change 0316

Exxon Sees a World with Less Carbon, with Higher-Cost Emissions 0116

Slump in Oil Prices Drives Green Energy Takeup in Top Oil Exporting Nations 0116

UN Climate Chief Says Low Oil Prices Can Boost Renewables 0116 

Heat Waves, Drought May Curb Global Power Output 0116

As Hydropower Dries Up, Tanzania Moves toward Fossil Fuels 1215

China's Natural Gas Use Plummets despite Its Pledge to Switch from Coal 1215

US Thirst for Oil Straining International Water Supplies 1115

Oil, Coal Companies Risk Plague of Lawsuits, as Climate Change Tide Turns 1015

As Oil Industry Bleeds Jobs, Asia's Green Energy Drive Offers Bright Spot 1015

Study Suggests Fossil Fuel Demand Is Beginning a Nosedive 1015

Rise of Diesel in Europe - the Impact on Health and Pollution 0915

Billions in Gas Projects Stranded by Climate Change Action 0715

Why the Saudis Are Going Solar 0615

Is Gas a Weapon in the Fight against Climate Change? 0615

Big Oil's Plan to Become Big Gas 0615

Saudi Arabia, Built on Oil, Foresees Fossil Fuel Phase-out by 2040 or 2050 - 0515 - export solar GW

World’s Worst Air Spurs Modi’s $25 Billion Utility Clean-Up Push 0515 - diesel fumes, not just coal

Why Future Oil Demand Could Be Very Low 0415

Audi Just Invented Fuel Made From CO2 and Water 0415

Study Finds Low Cost to Reduce Methane Emissions 0415 

Carbon Reserves Held by Top Fossil Fuel Companies Soar 0415

Even at $10/Barrel, Oil Can’t Match Solar on Cost 0315

Big Oil’s Groundhog Day - Will It See Looming Shadows? 0215

Will Falling Oil Prices Undermine Green Energy? 0115

Climate Change Mitigation’s Best-Kept Secret - Methane 0115

Exxon Issues Energy Reality Check as UN Debates Emissions 1214

Low Oil Prices May Bode Ill For Climate 1214

Can Low Oil Prices be Good for the Environment? 1114

US Sees 38% Jump in Global Oil Use by 2040 - 0914

Former BP Geologist: Peak Oil Is Here and It Will 'Break Economies' 1213

Latin America's Oil Rush Means More Climate Change 1113

New “Flexible” Gas Power Plants Sway to Keep Up with Renewables 1013

China's Anti-Pollution Drive Risks Running Out of Gas 1013

Low Natural Gas Price to Hamper U.S. Energy Efficiency - IEA 1013

Data Show China Passing US as Biggest Oil Importer 1013

US Is Overtaking Russia as Top Oil-and-Gas Producer - IEA 1013

Gas Boom Has Its Own Climate Questions 0913

China’s Oil Imports Soon to Dwarf Those of US 0813

Climate Change Will Disrupt Energy Supplies, DOE Warns 0713

Pipeline or Rail - Western Canada's Oil Shipments Will Double by 2030 0713

‘Peak Fossil Fuels’ Is Closer Than You Think 0413

US to Top World Oil Production by 2020 1212

Switch from Coal to Gas Doesn't Delay Climate Disruptions 0911

Oil, World Balance 2004-10.xls

Winning the Oil Endgame 0509

Costs of Unconventional Oil, Coal 1008 

Japan Mines Methane Hydrates 1207 

Is World Oil Production Peaking? 1107 

Big Oil Says Save Oil 0707

Texas Leads Oil Import States 0707

Implications of Switch Coal to Gas - Hayhoe 0202 - PDF, 33 pp

Oil & Gas - General, US

Clean Energy Is Catching Up to Natural Gas 0718

Fossil Fuels Account for Lowest % of U.S. Energy Use in over a Century 0718

PG&E to Replace 3 Gas Plants with World's Biggest Battery Projects 0718

Nearly 1/3 of Planned Gas Peakers at Risk from Energy Storage 0318

U.S. Oil Production Booms as New Year Begins 1217

US Will Become a Net Oil Exporter within 10 years, Says IEA 1117

Friendly Policies Keep US Oil and Coal Afloat Far More than We Thought 1017 - direct subsidies > $20 billion/ yr

Energy Rhetoric Irrelevant in World of $50 Oil 0817

Why Record U.S. Oil Exports Are Poised for Even More Growth 0717

Interactive Map Shows Why Renewables, Natural Gas Are Taking Over the US 0417 - map on Renewables page

Record Number of Oil, Gas Firms Go Bust, as Renewable Energy Revolution Bites 0117

Solar Could Outpace Natural Gas for New US Generation in 2016 - 1216

Huge Deposit of Untapped Oil Could Be Largest Ever Discovered in US 1116

Natural Gas’ CO2 Emissions in US Will Surpass Coal’s in 2016 – EIA 0816

US Now Has World’s Largest Oil Reserve, but Global Supply Still Small 0716

U.S. Oil Industry Bankruptcy Wave Nears Size of Telecom Bust 0516

Oil and Natural Gas Drilling Rigs Hit 70-Year Low 0316

Cheap Natural Gas Leads to More Petrochemical Plants and Pollution 0216

Cutting Pollution From U.S. Power Plants Is Cheaper than You Think 0116 - renewables & natural gas

Natural Gas Likely Overtook Coal as Top U.S. Power Source in 2015 - 0116

Warning - Oil Company Defaults Are Coming 1115

Why Natural Gas Is Catching Up to Coal in Powering U.S. Homes 1015

Study Gets a Handle on Gas Leaks - 80 Billion Cubic Feet 0715

Gas Overtakes Coal at US Power Stations 0715 - 31% vs 30% in April 2015

Wind-Gas Hybrid Power -- Wyoming's Idea of California Dreamin' 0215

Report Just Shot Down Key Argument Against Pres. Obama’s Climate Plans 0215 - adding pipeline capacity

Cheap Gasoline, Powerful Vehicles Make It Hard to Meet CAFE Standards 0115

Oil Price Slump Taking a Toll on U.S. Alternative Fuels 0115

Cutting California Oil Use by 50% Difficult but Doable, Experts Say 0115

With Gasoline $2.67 a Gallon, America Celebrates by Buying Gas Guzzlers 1214

Fuel to the Fire?  Fuel Exports Soar under Obama 1214

US Oil Exports Would Worsen Global Warming, GAO Auditors Say 1014

Oil Companies Quietly Prepare for a Future of Carbon Pricing 0914

TVA Turns to Gas to Replace Memphis Coal Plant 0814

Natural Gas Can Keep Those Motors Running 0814

Colorado Pitches New Rules to Cut Oil and Gas Industry Air Pollution 1113

Low Natural Gas Price to Hamper U.S. Energy Efficiency - IEA 1013

South’s New Power Push - Natural Gas and Tiny Nukes 1013

2 Kentucky Utilities Plan 2nd Natural Gas Power Plant, Solar Generator 1013

Environmental Oil & Gas Well Inspections Falling Short, GAO Says 0913

Keystone Will Soon Carry Crude through Texas Segment, with or without Obama 0913

Oil Industry Touts $81 Billion in Carbon-Cutting Efforts 0913

Exxon’s Arkansas Pipeline Rupture - Amount of Oil Spilled Is Still Guesswork 0813

Crude Mishaps on Trains Spike as Rail Carries More Oil 0713

Gas, Renewables to Power Texas Grid 0613

Military - US Has Misguided Fixation with Domestic Drilling 0613

US Oil and Gas Reserves Rise by 33% 0613

US Crude Oil Output Exceeds Imports for 1st Time in 16 Years 0613

Vast Supply of Frozen Methane Tapped in Alaska 1112

Oil & Gas - Fracking & Leakage


     Natural gas is mostly methane (CH4), the prized ingredient.  Some waste gases (CO2, H2S, etc.) are removed from natural gas sent into pipelines, while others (He, C2H6, C3H8 and C4H10 - helium, ethane, propane and butane) are separated for resale.







     This Earthjustice map shows US shale formations suitable for fracking, active and potential.  The Bakken formation is in Norh Dakota, Marcellus in Appalachia, Eagle Ford etc. in Texas, Utica+ in Michigan, Monterrey in California, Fayetteville in Arkansas, etc.
     Earthjustice identifies 35 "fraccidents" outside the Marcellus area and 41 inside it, including 38 in Pennsylvania.  They include 
poisoned drinking water, polluted air, mysterious animal deaths, industrial disasters, and explosions.


Pennsylvania Superior Court Rules that Fracking Natural Gas from a Neighboring Property Is Trespassing 0418

Reversing Course, E.P.A. Says Fracking Can Contaminate Drinking Water 1216

Scientists May Have Solved Key Mystery about Earth’s Methane Emissions 0916

U.S. Oil Industry Bankruptcy Wave Nears Size of Telecom Bust 0516

Study Targets Methane Leaks Between Underground Wells 1015

Environmentalists, Energy Companies Lobby on Coming Methane Rule 1015

Replacing Old Gas Pipes Reduces Leaks 0915

North Texas Methane Emissions Underestimated 50% by EPA 0715

New York Formalizes Ban on Fracking, Ending 7-Year Review 0615

Which Oil and Gas Companies Are Leaking the Most Methane? 0615

Enough Natural Gas Is Leaking to Negate Climate Benefits 0615

Gas Utilities Reduce Methane Leaks 0315

Study Finds Relatively Low Methane Emissions from 3 Major US Gas Fields 0215

Citing Health Risks, Cuomo Bans Fracking in New York State 1214

Fracking Risk Compared to Thalidomide and Asbestos in Walport Report 1114

Scientists Refute Lower Emissions Claim for Fracking 1014

China's Great Frack Forward 1014

Suddenly, Elusive U.S. Shale Oil Proves Certainty of Uncertainty 0514

EPA Drastically Underestimates Methane Released at Drilling Sites 0414

More Oil Spilled from Railcars in 2013 Than in Past 4 Decades Combined 0114

Fracking Companies Say Southern Wales Holds 6 x UK Annual Gas Use 1113

Water Shortages Could Dry Up Shale Gas Craze 1113

Fracking Boom Leading to Fracking Bust 1113

Shale-Gas Boom Will Make Us Richer, But Not Cooler 1013

Will Fracking Suck California Dry? 1013

Ohio Confirms 6 Water-Well Problems, But Only from VERTICAL Gas Wells Since 2010 - 1013

Europe Votes to Tighten Rules on Fracking 1013

North Dakota to Tighten Flaring Rules 0913

Methane Emissions at US Natural Gas Production Sites - Allen 0913 - PDF
     This multi-university study, sponsored in part by EDF and several gas companies, measured methane leakage rates at 190 sites.  These included 27 well completion flowback sites, where leakage ranged from 0.01 to 17 tonnes per completion (5 to 339 hours per completion).  These averaged 1.7 tonnes, a small fraction of EPA's estimate of 81 tonnes per completion.  To explain this, Allen found that operators captured 98% of potential emissions (including 99% where equipment for methane capture and control was used) rather than the 50% EPA assumed.
     The 190 sites also included 9 "unloadings," a periodic process to clear out liquids that clog wells.  The average leak per unloading was 1.1 tonnes, compared to EPA's estimate of 5.2.
     Routine continuous operations (150 wells) released 1.23 grams of methane per minute (about 1.2 tonnes per year for continuous operation) through various pneumatic controllers, roughly 14% less than EPA estimates.
     In all, methane leakage in the study sample is 20% less than estimates using EPA guidelines at the time.  The study attributes this reduced leakage rate to emerging regulatory requirements and improved operating practices.  The study summarizes the overall methane leakage rate as 0.42% of gross natural gas production (extraction), though some of that 0.42% could be attributed to the oil (and propane / NGL) production from the well, instead of all of it to natural gas.  In April 2013, EPA cut its estimate of methane release from natural gas production by about 20%, presumably relying on a pre-publication version fo the study.
     EPA's old and new estimates, as well as Allen's study results, are similar to natural gas leakage rates from transmission and distribution mains.  Error bars are appreciable for extraction, transmission, and distribution leakage rates.
     Caveats: The sample is chosen from the best-managed wells, where more money and resources are devoted to capturing emissions ("green completions"), compared to typical wells.  Leakage rates at old wells are probably (much) higher.  Also, if "unloadings" happen often, they can dominate emissions.

Frackers Guzzle Water as Texas Goes Thirsty 0913

California's Brown Signs Fracking Bill, Upsetting Both Sides 0913

Fracking May Not Be as Bad for the Climate as We Thought 0913

Oil Lobbyists Seek CEQA Exemption Ahead of Calif. Fracking Bill Vote 0913

EPA Orders Air Pollution Controls for Fracked Gas Wells 0813

Poland's Shale Drive Will Transform Europe, If It Persists 0813

Bakken Flaring Burns More Than $100 Million a Month 0713 

Former Mobil VP Warns of Fracking & Climate Change 0713  

New US Study Inflames South Africa's Fracking Debate 0613

Fracking Fuels Water Fights in US Dry Areas 0613

Gas Leaks Undermine Climate Benefit from Switch 0613

Limiting Methane Leaks Critical to Gas 0513 - see sample of the interactive trade-off graphs, below.
www.climatecentral.org/news/limiting-methane-leaks-critical-to-gas-climate-benefits-16020
     If leakage is too high, fracked natural gas is worse than coal for climate change, at least in the early decades.  If leakage is low, natural gas is much better than coal on climate change.  Allen's 0913 study, below, found only small leaks. 

    8% Gas Leak Rate, Gas Replaces Coal 9% / Year                          6% Gas Leak Rate, Gas Replaces Coal 6% / Year

     4% Gas Leak Rate, Gas Replaces Coal 4% / Year                         2% Gas Leak Rate, Gas Replaces Coal 5% / Year

     Based on the study below, the lower right leak rate graph (2%/5%) probably best describes the situation.  In fact, the GHG advantage of gas over coal can closely approach 50% even sooner than it shows, if gas production operations continue improving, cutting leaks, even at old wells.

Bakken Shale - New, Higher Oil Estimates 0513

Can This Contraption Make Fracking Greener? 0313 

China Slow to Tap Shale-Gas Bonanza 0213

Shale Oil Output Anchors Record US Growth 0113

Methane Leakage Effects on Climate Change - Wigley 0811 - PDF

GHGs from Fracking for Gas - Howarth 0411 - PDF

Oil & Gas - Tar Sands

Nebraska Approves Path for Controversial Keystone XL Pipeline 1119 - OK for final link

Major Tar Sands Oil Pipeline Cancelled 1017

Carbon Emissions Factor into Major Oil Sands Shakeup 0417 - Most oil majors sell off their holdings.

Carbon Footprint of Canada's Oil Sands Is Larger than Thought 0417

Shell Cuts Debt With $7.25 Billion Sale of Canada Oil Sands 0317

Exxon Wipes Oil Sands Reserves from Its Books 0217

Canada’s Vast Source of Climate Pollution May Go Bust 0117

Canada, Especially Alberta Oil, Pays Higher Climate Change Policy Price than US 0816

Canada's Energy Superpower Status Threatened, as World Shifts off Fossil Fuel 0516

Fort McMurray Wildfire Forces 1/4 of Canada’s Oil Output Off-Line 0516

Once Unstoppable, Tar Sands Now Battered from All Sides 0216

First Big Oil Sands CCS Project May Also Be One of the Last 1115

Transition Alberta off Oil Sands, Climate Thinkers Urge Trudeau 1115

Obama Rejects Keystone XL Pipeline 1115

Obama Will Decide on Keystone Pipeline during His Term 1115

Is Keystone Dead? 1115 Sponsor Transcanada asks pipeline decision be deferred.

Shell Halts Carmon Creek Oil Sands Project in Alberta, Canada 1015

Researchers’ Open Letter Calls for Moratorium on New Oil Sands Projects 0615

Vast Reserves of Shale Oil Estimated in Northwest Territories 0515

Suncor Cuts 1,000 Oil Sands Jobs, Takes $1 Billion Out of 2015 Budget 0115

With Low Oil, Gasoline Prices, Is Keystone Still Necessary? 0115

Canada’s Oil Sands Emissions Extremely Low, Incorrectly Says IEA Chief Economist 1114

Energy East is Canada's Alternative to Keystone XL.  It's in Trouble. 1114

Keystone Left Behind as Canadian Oil Pours into U.S. 1114

Public Opposition Has Cost Tar Sands Industry $17 Billion 1114

Incredible Shrinking Keystone Pipeline 1014

Keystone XL Pipeline Foes Claim Victory as Statoil Delays Oil Sands Plan 0914

Keystone XL Will Spike Oil Demand and CO2, Study Says 0814

Oil Sands Not a Major Source of Climate Change- IEA Economist 1113

Need for Keystone XL Plummets, as U.S. Oil Floods Gulf Coast Refining Hub 1113

Oil Sands Production Creates 'Challenge', as Its Emissions per Barrel Rise 1113

5 Canadians Say Oil Sands to US Will Help Tip World to Catastrophe 1013

Alberta's Carbon Strategy No Match for Keystone's Emissions 1013

Energy Hits New Rocks in Mongolia 1013

Pipelines Safer Than Trains and Trucks 1013

China's Push into Synthetic Natural Gas Has Pollution Consequences 1013

China Wants to Cut Down on Coal - That's Bad for Global Warming 0913

Keystone XL Pipeline - Sierra Club Analysis 0913 - PDF, 30 pp

Seeping Alberta Oil Sands Spill Covers 40 Hectares, Still Leaking 0813

Oil-Sands Industry Turns to Algae to Appease Obama 0813

With Tar Sands Development, Growing Concern on Water Use 0813

Canada Rail Crash Stirs Debate over Keystone XL Pipeline Delay 0713

Oil Sands Deals Lose Traction 0513

Keystone’s Tar Sands Waste Warms More Than Coal 0113 


Nuclear Power - General

High Temperature Superconductors Bring Nuclear Fusion to Grid in 15 Years? 0318

Failing Nuclear Power Is Good For Coal, Bad For Earth 0817

Zero-Carbon Energy, except Biomass, Boosts Human and Ecological Health 0317 - quick summary of below

“100% Renewable Energy” Will Require Nukes, CCS and/or Seasonal Storage 0317 - more in-depth than above

Next-Generation Nuclear Reactors Stalled by Costly Delays 0217

Amid Climate Concerns, Nuclear Plants Feel the Heat of Warming Water 0916

Molten Sodium Reactors Can Stop Nuclear Meltdowns 0516

This Nuclear Reactor Eats Nuclear Waste 0515

Why the Nuclear Energy World Is Thinking Small 0315

Atomic Balm - Prominent Environmentalists Back Nuclear 0215

Nuclear Power Needs to Double to Meet Warming Goal 0115

Nuclear Power Is the Greenest Option, Say Top Scientists 0115

Betting on the Need, Scientists Work on Lighter, Cleaner Nuclear Energy 1214 - emphasis on “new” more efficient and safer designs.  Molten salt ractors are highlighted.  They contain uranium (or thorium) fuel dissolved in liquid salt - at far lower pressures than traditional Light Water Reactors.  This makes it possible to use almost all of the fuel’s energy, instead of only 5% in traditional LWRs.  The resulting nuclear waste is only 2.5% as much as a LWR.  A molten salt reactor can “burn” current spent fuel, most of it now stored in casks on-site, in the US awaiting geological storage.  Several designs, including molten salt are “walk-away safe.”  If a leak happens, they stop the chain reaction and cool off - with no external intervention.

Advanced Nuclear Energy and the Battle against Climate Change 1214
                   more detail than above on history and the (mostly the same) “new” designs

Lockheed Says It Makes Breakthrough on Fusion Energy Project 1014 - probably low-energy nuclear reactions: cold fusion

Nuclear Power’s Unlikely Allies 0514

Carbon Conundrum Prompts Some Greens to Think Nuclear 1113

Top Climate Scientists Ask Environmentalists to Support Nuclear Power 1113

Radical Reactor Designs - a New Nuclear Future 1212

Uranium Shortage Looms 1108

Nuclear Thoughts 0607

Nuclear Power - U.S.

Fearing Climate Change, Experts Warn U.S. Nuclear Industry Faces Collapse 0718

To Slow Climate Change, US Must Address Nuclear Power’s Dismal Economics 0318

Georgia Power Says Vogtle Is Worth It, Despite Updated $22 Billion Price Tag 1117

U.S. Offers Vogtle Nuclear Plant $3.7 Billion in Loan Guarantees 0917

3 Mile Island Nuke to Close 40 Years after Accident 0517

Energy Efficiency Could Offset Indian Point Shutdown 0217

Shutdown of Michigan Nuclear Plant Not Sounding Climate Alarms 0117

Indian Point Nuclear Power Plant, near NYC, to Close by 2021 - 0117

US Keeps Replacing Nuclear Power Plants with Coal or Gas 1116

Nuclear Subsidies Are Key Part of New York’s Clean-Energy Plan 0716

California Is about to Close Its Last Nuclear Plant.  Is That Really a Good Idea? 0616 - 14 closures from 2013 thru 2025

Pacific G&E Says Clean Energy Will Replace Power from Its Last Nuclear Plant 0616

Court Upholds On-Site Storage of Nuclear Waste at Power Plants 0616

Exelon to Shut Nuclear Plants, as Legislation Hopes Fade 0616

Nuclear Plants Seek and Gain Support as Clean Energy Sources 0516

Exelon Presses for Help with Nukes at State, Federal Levels 0516

Troubled Indian Point Reactor Will Reopen in Summer 0516

U.S. Acts to Spur Development of High-Tech Reactors 0116

Entergy to Close FitzPatrick Nuclear Plant on Lake Ontario 1115

Entergy Plans to Shut Down Pilgrim Nuclear Plant by June 2019 - 1015

Prefab Nuclear Plants Prove Just as Expensive 0715

Long-Delayed Nuclear Plant in Tennessee Nears Completion 0515

New Era for Nuclear Power? 0415

Sen. Reid's Retirement Removes Obstacle to Yucca Nuclear Waste Site 0415

Senator Alexander - U.S. Must Avoid Losing All Nuclear Power Generation 0215

Cost Pressure Intensifies for Southern Co. Nuclear Plant 0115

New Life for Nuclear Repository 1114

Power Plants Seek to Extend Life of Nuclear Reactors for Decades 1014

Yucca Mountain as a Nuclear Waste Site Is Now Deemed Safe 1014

Millstone Nuclear to Use and Discharge Warmer Water than Allowed Before 1014

Carbon Tax & Nuclear Power - Hansen 1014 - PDF

TVA Makes $4.5 Billion Bet on Nuclear Resurgence 0914

Nuclear Waste Is Allowed Above Ground Indefinitely 0814

Missouri’s Ameren Still Interested in Nuclear, Despite Natural Gas's Ascendance 0814

Brash Startup Hits Accelerator in Market for Small Nuclear Reactors 0514

Nuclear Startups Reimagine Atomic Energy 0514

Luminant to End License Work for New North Texas Reactors 1113

South’s New Power Push - Natural Gas and Tiny Nukes 1013

1st US Nuclear Power Closures in 15 Years Signal Wider Nuke Problems 0913

US Nuclear Power in Decline 0913

Vermont Nuclear Plant Shutdown Shows Changing Energy Market 0813

Duke Energy Cancels Proposed Levy County Nuke 0813

Nuclear Energy Too Expensive to Compete 0713                   

US Moves to Abandon Costly Reactor Fuel Plant 0613

US Nuclear Plant Shutdowns with Cheap Natural Gas 0613 

Fracked Off - Nuke Renaissance On Hold 0613

As Price of Nuclear Energy Drops, a Wisconsin Plant Retires 0513 

Nuclear Energy in US Loses Momentum Amid Economic Head Winds 0313 

Southeast US Leaders Souring on Nuclear Power Costs 0313

US Nuclear Waste Storage Gets New Life 0213

Duke Plans to Shut Reactor in Favor of Gas 0213

Cost of Yucca Mountain Waste Site Soars 0808


Nuclear Power - Elsewhere

Cheaper Green Power in Britain Could Put Nuclear in the Shade 0718

UK Nuclear Power Stations Could Be Forced to Close after Brexit 0217

Fukushima Nuclear Reactor Radiation at Highest Level since 2011 Meltdown 0217

Japan Cancels Failed $9 Billion Monju Nuclear Reactor 1216

French Nuclear Power in ‘Worst Situation Ever', Says Former EDF Director 1116

Vietnam Abandons Plan for 1st Nuclear Power Plants 1116

Hinkley Point C Faces £7.2 Billion Cleanup Bill at End of Nuclear Plant's Life 0916

Mini-Nuclear Reactors Could Be Operating in the UK by 2030 - 0916

Hinkley Point C Nuclear Plant Not Essential - Think Tank 0816

If Wind & Solar Power Are Cheaper & Quicker, Do We Really Need Hinkley Point? 0816

China Halts Work on $15 Billion Nuclear Waste Project after Protests 0816

Hinkley Nuclear Plant Faces UK Delay 0716

Nuclear New-Build Not Fast Enough to Curb Global Warming 0616

Sweden, in Turnaround, Agrees to Continue Nuclear Power 0616

China to Develop Floating Nuclear Power Plants 0416

Britain to Ship Record Amount of Nuclear Waste to U.S. 0316

Westinghouse Expects to Sign India Reactor Deal in June 0316

China's Debut Westinghouse Reactor Delayed until June 2017 - 0316

Japan Court Clears Way to Restart Kansai Electric Nuclear Plants 1215

India’s Nuclear Industry Pours Its Wastes into a River of Death and Disease 1215

Japan to Consider Ocean Disposal of Nuclear Waste 1215

The World Really Could Go Nuclear 0915

World Nuclear Capacity Set to Grow 45% by 2035 - 0915

New Hinkley Point Nuclear Power Station May Be Further Delayed 0915

Here's How Many of Japan's Idle Nuclear Plants Are Likely to Reopen 0915

Japan’s Nuclear Revival Won’t Lower Carbon Emissions Enough 0815

Japan Restarts 1st Nuclear Reactor since Fukushima Disaster 0815

Why the French Are Losing Enthusiasm for Nuclear 0615

Japan Pushes Ahead with Plans to Reopen Nuclear Reactors 0315

Wind Power Beats Nuclear Again in China & Hydro in the U.S. for the 1st Time 0315

Rise in Wildfires May Resurrect Chernobyl's Radiation 0215

Modi’s Clean-Energy Goals Face Funding, Political Hurdles 0115

Obama, India’s Modi Claim Breakthrough on Nuclear Liability Issue 0115

No Prospect of Relief from Constant UK Nuclear Headache 0115

Nuclear Power Could Lead China to Self-Sufficiency and Near-Zero Emissions 0115

China Renews Atomic Ambition With 5 Reactors Planned in 2015 0115

5 Old Japanese Reactors Head for Decommissioning Scrap Heap 0115

Ukraine Turns Off Reactor at Its Most Powerful Nuclear Plant after 'Accident' 1214

Promethean Perils of Nuclear Power in China 1214  

OK Given to Restart Nuclear Plant in Japan 1114

UK Cleared to Heavily Subsidize $39B Nuclear Plant 1014

India Turns to Nuclear, as Energy Crisis Deepens 0914

China Fast-Tracks Uranium-Free Thorium Nuclear Plants, to Combat Smog 0314

Nuclear Power Is Cheapest Way for Poland to Cut Emissions 1113

Russia Floats Plan for Nuclear Power Plants at Sea 1013

Expensive Hinkley Point C Is Pivotal for UK Nuclear Industry’s Future 1013

Impasse Over Liability Clause in Indo-U.S. Nuclear Deal 1013

Tens of Thousands of Protesters Attend Anti-Nuclear Events in Tokyo 1013

South Korea Charges 100 with Corruption Over Nuclear Scandal 1013

Without Nuclear Power, Japan CO2 Emissions Rise 1013

Japan on Gas, Coal Power Building Spree to Fill Nuclear Void 1013

China’s Nuclear Plants See Powerful Growth 0913

Brazil Cools on Nuclear Power Plans, Favors Wind 0913

UK’s Liberal Democrats Vote Backs Nuclear Power Plants 0913

Japan Disaster, Economic Crisis Prompt IAEA to Cut Nuclear Growth Projection 0913

Public Opposition Defuses China's Nuclear Plans 0813

In North Asia, a Growing Crisis of Confidence in Nuclear Power 0813

India Depends on a Nuclear Future 0613

UK Nuclear Plans Come Unstuck 0213

Japan to Phase Out Nuclear Power 0912 

Fukushima Meltdown Hastens Decline of Nuclear Power 0512 

Germany to Abandon Nuclear Power by 2022 0511

Asia Goes Nuclear 0806



by Gene Fry 2018