Misc. Impact, Adapt

     Below are files - articles - about 6 other groups of impacts and 7 aspects of adaptation.  The impacts are Ocean Acidification, Ocean (Other), Ice & Snow, Insurance, Asia, and Misc.  Adaptation is grouped into Sea Level Rise, Drought, Floods, Food, Multiple Impacts, Planning, and Other.

     Plans and measures to deal with sea level rise are a sub-group under Adaptation.  Information about how fast seas have risen, are rising, and will rise is found on the Water page.  Acid ocean effects on life are found here and on the Water page.

     Month and year follow each article's name.  PDF files are so marked, after month and date, some with authors noted.  Within sections, more recent files appear above older files.

Oceans - Acidification Impacts

Shellfish Continue to Wither 0118 - mis-crystallization in shells; slight shifts in ocean chemistry are incredibly deadly

Ocean Acidification Is Deadly Threat to Marine Life, Finds 8-Year Study 1017

Ocean Acidification May Hamper Food Web’s Nitrogen-Fixing Heroes 0617

Ocean Acidification Spreading Rapidly in Arctic Ocean 0217

Siberian Erosion, River Runoff Speed Up Arctic Ocean Acidification 0416

Pacific Shellfish Set for Price Hike, as Ocean Acidity Keeps Rising 0116

Environmental Change Rate Unprecedented, Study Says 0116

Abrupt Changes in Food Chains Predicted as Southern Ocean Acidifies Fast 1115

Marine Food Chains at Risk of Collapse, Extensive Oceans Study Finds 1015

Too Warm, Too Few Fish - Health Warning for World’s Oceans 0815

Geo-Engineering Will Not Save Ocean Life from Centuries of Acidification 0815

Ocean Acidification Threatens Balance of Plankton Species - Why That Matters 0715

Canada’s Beaufort Sea Is Growing Acidic Faster than Any Other Ocean on Earth 0615

Seaweed Might Have the Power to Make the Oceans Less Acidic 0515

Sea Urchins Work Overtime to Cope with Rising Ocean Acidity 0315

Could Climate Change Take Oysters Off the Menu? 0215

Mote Marine Lab Scientists Are Certain Ocean Chemistry Is Worsening 0115

UK Science Chief Warns on Acid Oceans 1014

Research Finds Looming $1 Trillion a Year Costs of Ocean Acidification 1014

Acid Damage to Coral Reefs Could Cost $1 Trillion 1014 - another take on the same report summarized above

Fish Failing to Adapt to Rising Carbon Dioxide Levels in Ocean 1014

Mussels Don't Stick Around in Acidic Ocean Water 0914

Marine Economy Sinks as Ocean Acidity Rises 0814

Examining How Marine Life Might Adapt to Acidified Oceans 0514

Acid Ocean Is Dissolving Pteropod (Tiny Snail) Shells off U.S. West Coast 0414

Scientists Warn of Hot, Sour, Breathless Oceans 1113

Ocean Acidification Threatens to Change Entire Marine Ecosystem 1013

Sea Change - the Pacific’s Perilous Turn 0913

Ocean Acidification Makes Plankton Emit Less Cloud-Seeding Compounds 0813

Ocean Acidification Update 0813 - also on Water page

Acidic Oceans of the Future Show Extinction 0713

How Climate Change Threatens Oysters and Shellfish 0313 

Base of Antarctic Food Web Threatened, as Their Shells Dissolve 1112 

Ocean Acidification Accelerated in Nutrient-Rich Areas- Sunda & Cal 0912

Ocean Acidification Threatens Food Security - Huelsenbeck / Oceana 0912

Acidic Ocean Threatens Survival of Young Fish 1211

Acid Ocean Thinning Marine Shells 0309  - also on Water and Bio-Impacts pages


Southern Ocean Acidification to Hit Tipping Point 30 Years Earlier 1108 - also on Water page

Ocean - Other

How Melting Arctic Ice Could Cook the Tropics 0618

Climate Change Could Destroy Even the Ocean's Most Pristine Parks 0518

Ocean Circulation Is Slowing.  Here’s Why You Should Care. 0518

Ireland Could Face ‘Far Colder Winters and Warmer Summers’ 0418

Scientists Confirm Florida-Sized Dead Zone in the Gulf of Oman 0418

Changes to the Ocean’s Micro Creatures Could Have Macro Effects 1117 - base of the food web

Arctic Sea Change 1017 - Warmer Atlantic water flows north along seafloor, past Spitzbergen, into Arctic.  That water is warmer than it used to be.  More important, with less Arctic sea ice, storms churn up that warm water from the bottom. 

Failing Phytoplankton, Failing Oxygen - Global Warming Could Suffocate Life on Earth 1215

Ocean Pollution - Prince Charles Warns We Are 'Testing the World to Destruction', but We Must Act NOW 1017

Climate Change, Sewage, Fertilizers Could Trigger Mass Ocean Extinction 0817

Major Greenland Melting Could Devastate Crops in Africa 0617

Climate Change May Be Choking the Ocean’s Oxygen Supply 0617

Ocean Oxygen Decline Greater than Predicted 0517

Plankton Decline Hits Marine Food Chain 0417

Coral Loss Quickly Erodes Seafloor, Threatens Coasts — USGS 0417

Half of World’s Ocean to Face Multiple ‘Climate Stressors’ by 2030 - 0317

Oxygen Decline in Earth’s Oceans Is Linked to a Warming Climate 0217 - 2+% generally 1960-2010, most in Arctic Ocean

Global Ocean Circulation More Vulnerable to Shutdown than We Thought 0117

Greenland Ice Melt Could Push Atlantic Circulation to Collapse 0117

The Blob - How Marine Heat Waves Are Causing Unprecedented Climate Chaos 0816

Ocean Warming due to Plankton Collapse 0616

Ocean's Oxygen Starts Running Low 0516

Global Warming Could Deplete the Oceans’ Oxygen, with Severe Consequences 0416

How Fast Ocean Currents Will Help Plankton Survive Climate Change 0416

These 2 Changes in the Ocean Are Downright Scary 0416

Phytoplankton Rapidly Disappearing from the Indian Ocean 0216 - down 30% in 15 years, says chlorophyll satellite sensing

NASA Sees Ocean Currents Slowing 1115

Climate Scientists Fear ‘Day After Tomorrow’ Scenario 0915

Concerns Deepen about a Climate-Change ‘Wild Card’ 0915 - Greenland & Antarctic ice melt show down ocen circulation

Warming Oceans Putting Marine Life ‘In a Blender’ 0915

A Warmer North Pacific Is Staying Warmer, With Dramatic Impact on Marine Life 0915

Too Warm, Too Few Fish - Health Warning for World’s Oceans 0815

Climate Change Is Increasing Stress on Oceans 0715

Massive Ocean Oxygen Loss from Melting Ice, Warming, 10-17 Millennia Ago 0115

Larger Dead Zones, Oxygen Depleted Water, Likely with Climate Change 1114

Global Warming Opens Northwest Passage to Pleasure Cruises 1014

Scientists Warn of Hot, Sour, Breathless Oceans 1113

Wave of Jellyfish Shut Down Nuclear Power Plant 1013

Ocean Chemical Cycles Will Be Upset by Climate Change 0913

Warming to Stratify Arctic Ocean 0213 

Towns' Tax Base Hit by Hurricane 0113 


Ice & Snow

Himalayan Glaciers Are Wasting Away, Threatening Mountain Communities 0518

Canada’s Outdoor Rinks Are Melting.  So Is a Way of Life. 0318

Dry Winters Cost the Ski Industry $1 Billion 0218

As Glaciers Melt, Tourism Dries Up in Peru’s Cordillera Blanca 0118

Massive Snowfall Increases among Alaska’s Highest Peaks Stuns Scientists 1217

The World’s Northernmost Town Is at Risk of Disappearing 1217

Switzerland Just Had the Worst Month for Skiing in 100 Years 0117

Despite Gloomy California Snowpack Survey, State Water Officials Are Optimistic 0117

In the Polar Bear Capital of the World, the Snow Has Gone 1216

Human-Caused Warming Drove 2015’s Record Snow Drought in West Coast States 1116

Yellowstone Snowmobile Season Will Shorten 0916

Radical Arctic Melt - ‘Extraordinary Years Have Become the Normal Years’ 0716

In Canada's Far North, Warm Weather Threatens Vital Ice Roads 1215

Alaska Highway Permafrost Vulnerable to Climate Change 0615

California’s Snowpack Is Now 0% of Normal 0515

As Ice Turns to Slush, Experts Foresee End to Outdoor Hockey in Canada 0315

Global Warming Could Make Blizzards Worse 0115

Scientists See Shrinking California Snowpack as a Harbinger 0115

On Kilimanjaro - 'We Were Climbing Ice That Isn’t Going to Be There Next Week' 0115

Great Lakes Ice Breaking All the Rules 1214

Climate Change Forces the Alps to Adapt by Moving Villages 1114

Arctic Report Card - NOAA 1213 - PDF

Climate Change Is Melting Away Nepal's Mountain Tourism 1113

Climate Change Threat to Australia’s $1.8 Billion Snow Industry 1013

Peru Snowstorms Spark State of Emergency in Andes 0913

Arctic Sea Ice Loss Creates Ripple Effects 0813 

As Glaciers Melt, Alps Lose Their Glue 0513 

Global Warming's Paradox- More Antarctic Sea Ice 0413

Global Warming Means a Greener Arctic 0413 

Greenland Grows More Veggies & Sheep 0313 

Alps Face a Warmer World – Bringing Huge Change 0313 

Accelerated Warming Driving Arctic into New Volatile State 1212 

LNG Tanker Ob River Attempts First Winter Arctic Crossing 1112 

Wake-Up Call in Arctic 0912 

New Normal in Arctic 1211 

Vanishing Glaciers Plague Bolivia 1209 

Kilimanjaro Snows Gone by 2022 1109 

Extra Weight from Meltwater May Trigger Earthquakes and Volcanoes 0909 

Himalayan Tragedy Awaits India 0308


Water Shortages

Zinke Says Northern California Fire Costs Likely in Billions 1118

As New Mexico Reservoirs Hit Bottom, Worries Grow Over the Future 0918

As India’s Ganges Runs Out of Water, a Potential Food Shortage Looms 0918

Drought Puts Iraq at Risk of Jihadist Resurgence 0918

How Delhi's Rising Heat and a Love of Concrete Caused a Deadly Water Crisis 0818

Great Southern Drought - Australian Farmers Crippled, Climate Action Stalled - Autumn of 2017 in southern Australia was the driest for 116 years.  And 2017 was also the hottest year ever in New South Wales.

From Drinking Water to Farms, Drought's Effect Creeping across Missouri 0718

How Climate Change Is Worsening Nigeria’s Long-Running Land Conflict 0618

Catastrophic Drought Threatens Iraq as Upstream Dams Cut Off Water to Its Rivers 0718

India's 'Worst Water Crisis in History' Leaves Millions Thirsty 0718

Indian Capital's Summer of Discontent - Anger, Killings over Water 0618

Deadly Tensions Rise as India’s Water Supply Runs Dangerously Low 0618

A New Farming Technique Using Drastically Less Water Is Catching On 0518

Costa Rica's Farmers Harvest Rain to Beat Drought 0518

Drought to Shrink Kansas Wheat Crop to Smallest since 1989 - 0518

Water Crises Could Be Coming to Your Backyard 0318

Plight of Phoenix - How Long Can the World’s ‘Least Sustainable' City Survive? 0318

Shrinking Mountain Snowpack, Drier Summers Spell Trouble for Vancouver Water Supply 0318

Hotter, Drier, Hungrier - How Global Warming Punishes the World’s Poorest 0318

More Frequent Drought in Somalia Breeds Conflict over Fertile Land 0318

Drought Inflicts Mounting Losses to Crops in South Africa's Western Cape 0318

How Climate Change Is a 'Death Sentence' in Afghanistan's Highlands 0817

As Rural Sri Lanka Dries Out, Young Farmers Look for New Job Options 0817

Tagus River, Spain’s Longest, at Risk of Drying Up Completely 0817

‘Flash Drought’ Could Devastate Half the High Plains Wheat Harvest 0817

Drought-Hit Rome to Avoid Water Rationing - City Utility 0717

World's “Highest" Village Runs Dry, as Warming Hits Himalayas 0817

After Months of Water Rationing, Nairobi May Run Dry 0717

Worst Drought in 16 Years Threatens Food Supplies in North Korea 0717

In Chile, Many Regard Climate Change as the Greatest External Threat 0717

Heat and Drought Feed Wildfires in Italy, Threaten Beaches near Rome 0717

U.S. Plains Drought Highlights Spring Wheat Supply Crunch 0617

Why Did This Once-Thriving Lake Disappear? 0517

South Africa's Western Cape Declares Drought Disaster 0517 - worst water shortage in 113 years

Ethiopia’s Killer Drought Is Going Almost Unnoticed 0517

Climate Change Deepening Horn of Africa's Hunger Crisis, Oxfam Says 0417

As Drought Sweeps Kenya, Herders Invade Farms 0317

With 100 Days of Water Left, Cape Town Risks Running Dry 0317

Congo Risks 50% Power Drop, due to Low Rainfall, Record Low Congo River 0317

La Paz Adapts to a World without Water 0217

Record Heat and Drought Seen in Amazon during 2015-16 El Niño 0117

Worst Drought in 30 Years Could Cost Sri Lanka Billions 0117

Kashmir Border Farmers Now Hit by Drought 0117

100s of 1,000s Face Starvation and Death in Africa, in Growing Crisis 1216

Farmers in Sudan Battle Climate Change and Hunger, as Desert Creeps Closer 1216

Bolivians Face Historic Drought.  Global Warming Could Intensify It. 1116

Drought-Fueled Wildfire ‘Apocalypse' Hits Tennessee 1116

Bolivian Water Crisis as Glaciers Vanish 1116

Bolivia Declares State of Emergency due to Drought, Water Shortage 1116

Reservoir Supplying Santa Barbara County’s Drinking Water Is Nearly Empty 1116

Food Production in Syria Hits All-Time Low 1116

La Niña Likely to Exacerbate Southern Drought 1116

Deep South Drought Kills Crops, Threatens Herds 1116

As Drought Grips Iran, Farmers Lament Loss of a Way of Life 0916

Beached Boats, Pink Water as Drought Saps Great Salt Lake 0916

3 Straight Failed Monsoons, Bad Drought, Make Angry Clashes in Karnataka 0916

From Herdsmen to Central Bankers, Southern Africa Counts Drought Cost 0716

Pests and Drought Hit Nigeria's Tomato Farms 0716

Drought Shut Down Amazon Carbon Sink 0716

Devastating Droughts Continue as El Niño Subsides 0716

Climate Change Plagues Madagascar's Poor - 'The Water Rose So Fast’ 0716

Deluge Turns to Dearth for Bangladesh, as Age-Old Water Woes Take New Form 0716

Murders, Violence on Rise, as Parched Central India Battles for Water 0616

Vietnam Drought Leaves 1 Million in Urgent Need of Food Aid 0616

Unprecedented Drought and Shrinking Glaciers in Nepal 0616

Cambodia Takes Solace from Plow Ceremony, amid Worst Drought in 50 Years 0516

How Southern Africa Is Coping with the Worst Global Food Crisis in 25 Years 0516

Crippling Drought in Central India Leaves Millions on Brink 0516 - after 2 “failed” monsoons in a row

This Is How Serious India's Drought Has Become 0516

Armed Guards at India's Dams as Drought Grips Country 0516

Gripped by Drought, Ethiopia Drills for Water 0416

‘Leaving behind whatever dies.’ - Ringing Alarms over Somaliland Drought 0416

'High Risk' of Severe Water Stresses in Asia by 2050 - 0316

El Niño’s Disastrous Worldwide Consequences Are Just Getting Started 0316

Drought-Hit Ethiopia Needs Money for Seeds, as Rains Begin 0316

Arctic Warming Is Possibly Catastrophic for Planet, Climate Scientist Warns 0216

As Mozambique's Rivers Dry Up, Hopes of a Harvest Evaporate Too 0216

Drought May Affect 49 Million in Southern Africa 0216

Drought’s Alarming Toll on California Forests 0216

Dry Ivory Coast Weather May Cut Season’s Mid-Crop, Farmers Say 0216

El Niño Parches Asia Pacific, Destroying Crops and Drying Up Water Sources 0116

Hunger Threatens Millions, as El Niño Causes Drought and Floods 1215

California Drought Could Kill 58 Million Trees, Terrible News Future Water Supply 1215

Scarred Riverbeds and Dead Pistachio Trees in a Parched Iran 1215

In Ethiopia, Millions Face Weather-Related Food Shortages, Aid Group Says 1215

1/3 of Papua New Guineans Suffering Drought Crisis 1115

As Brazil's Largest City Struggles With Drought, Residents Are Leaving 1115

Ethiopia to Buy More Wheat to Avert Drought Crisis 1115

Jamaica’s Aging Water Systems Falter under Intense Heat and Drought 1115

Climate Change Is Darkening Seattle’s Water Forecast 0915

Californians Cut Water Use by 31% in July 0815

Los Angeles Continues Dramatic Water Savings - 21% in July 0815

Number of Ethiopians Needing Food Aid Surges to 4.5 Million, after Failed Rains 0815

Study Shows Impact of Irrigation on Drought, Climate Change in Alberta 0815

Colorado Begins $3.4 Million Effort to Save Agriculture Water, Make Power with It 0515

How China's Thirst for Clean Drinking Water May Raise Its CO2 Emissions 0415

Can America's Desert Cities Adapt Before They Dry Out And Die? 1214

How Solar Desalination Could Help Parched Farms 0514

Heat, Drought Draw Farmers Back to Sorghum, the 'Camel of Crops' 1013

Water-Smart Power- Strengthening US Electric Grid in a Warming World 0813

Capturing and Storing Water Underground Copes with Drought in Brazil 0713 

Peru Eyes 'Extreme Engineering' to Slake Thirst 0413 

Texas Deploys its Rainy Day Fund to Start Long Term Drought Preparation 0413 

India Strives to Become Drought Proof 0313 

Drought Revives Texas Interest in Reservoirs 0213

Insurance

Insurers Paid Out $27 Billion for Natural Disaster Claims in 2015 - 0116 - down from 2014 and 2005-2014 average

Climate-Linked Insurance Could Help Poor Farmers Offset Crop Failure Risk 0115

Insurers Retreat From Weather Disasters 0115

US Insurers Retreat from Weather Disasters 1014

World's Largest Insurance Underwriter Blames Climate Change 0114

RSA Insurance in Eye of Storm, as Europe Bill Soars After Extreme Weather 1113

Minnesota Asks Insurers- Are You Ready for Climate Change? 0813

Flood Insurance Changes Run Into Resistance 0713

4 Ways US Government Subsidizes Risky Coastal Rebuilding 0613 

After Sandy, Flood Insurance Soars 0613 

Coastal Congressmen Vote to Renew Flood Insurance Subsidies 0613 

Who's Paying the Price for Global Warming? Taxpayers! 0513 

Private US Flood Insurance Flounders 0413 

Insurers Cut Coverage with More Weather Extremes 0412 

Growing Losses Make Insurers Allies in the Climate Fight 1111

Asia

Ganges under Threat from Climate Change 1017 - retreat of Gangtori glacier, Ganges headwaters, sewage, etc.

When Climate Change Starts Wars 0217 - Central Asia becomes a tinder box as water is scarcer.

Scarred Riverbeds and Dead Pistachio Trees in a Parched Iran 1215

Climate Change Is Melting Away Nepal's Mountain Tourism 1113

Singapore Haze at Record Hazard Level from Sumatra's Fires 0613

10 Cities Most at Risk from Climate Change All in Asia 0313 

China's Coal Monster 0313 

Chinese Companies Need Disaster Insurance for Climate Change 0313 

Asian Cities Face Climate Disaster 1109 

Australia to Relocate Coastal Residents 1009 

India Lost the Most People to Climate Change 1208

Giant Asian Smog Cloud Masks Warming 1108 

Deserts Grow 50% in China 0408

Himalayan Tragedy Awaits India 0308


Misc.

Global Warming Is Destabilizing Mountain Slopes, Creating Landslide Risks 0918

Poor City Neighborhoods Are Often Much Hotter than Wealthy Ones 0918

Summer's Deadly Wildfires Cause Pollution Worldwide 0818 - 260,000 to 600,000 early deaths per year from landscape fires air pollution

In Hot Water - How Summer Heat Has Hit Nordic Nuclear Plants 0818

The Global Heat Wave Is about to Hit Your Wallet 0718 Among other things, rivers get too hot to cool thermal power plants.

As Climate Warms, Expect More Pittsburgh Power Outages on Hottest Days 0718

The Heat Wave Sent U.S. Power Demand Surging to Highest in Years 0718

Climate Change May Already Be Hitting the Housing Market 0618

When Mountains Fall into the Sea 0518
     Landslides of mixed ice and rock into fjords create local tsunamis up to 524 meters (1,730 feet) high.

Ocean Warming Threatens to Drown Costa Rica’s Whale Tourism 0218

Ozone Layer Declining over Populated Zones 0218 - in lower stratosphere

How Climate Change, Population Growth Threaten Egypt’s Ancient Treasures 0118

Ganges under Threat from Climate Change 1017 - retreat of Gangtori glacier, Ganges headwaters, sewage, etc.

Alaska Orders Review of All North Slope Oil Wells after Spill Linked to Permafrost 1017

Climate Change Threatens Midwest Infrastructure 1017

Mid-Air Turbulence Set to Triple due to Climate Change 1017

Harvey’s Toll on Energy Industry Shows a Texas Vulnerability 0817

Arctic Stronghold of World’s Seeds Flooded after Permafrost Melts 0517

Climate Change Blamed for Deadly Landslides in Chile 0217

Mexico City, Parched and Sinking, Faces a Water Crisis 0217

How Will Rising Temperatures Change Baseball? 1016

Our Energy Grid Is Incredibly Vulnerable – to Climate Change 0816

Climate Change Is Hell on Alaska's Formerly Frozen Highways 0816

Energy-Water Nexus Issues Heighten in the Face of Climate Change 0716

As Glaciers Melt in Alaska, Landslides Follow 0716

Want to Help Fight Climate Change?  Start with Reproductive Rights. 0516

Spikes in U.S. Air Pollution Linked to Warming Climate 0416

Yukon to Feel Impacts of Climate Change 0216

Carbon Emissions ‘Postpone Ice Age' 0116

Heat Waves, Drought May Curb Global Power Output 0116

Ski Resorts See Slight Thaw, after Chilling Effect of Climate Change 0116

Damage from Sinking Land Costing California Billions 1215

Spread of Drylands Will Hit Poor Nations Hardest 1115

Global Warming's Fingerprints Are All over Recent Extreme Weather 1115

Global Warming Linked to Greater Number of Hurricanes near Hawaii 1115

Why Scientists Are So Worried about Drylands (40% of Earth’s Land) 0915

Haze Chokehold Spurring Efforts to Save Indonesia’s Forests 0815

Warming Threatens Our Productivity.  More Could Lead to Endless Recession. 0815

What to Know About the Record Toxic Algae Lapping Up on the West Coast 0815

Surge In ‘Danger Days’ Just around the Corner 0815

Warming Leads to Longer Flights, More Emissions 0715

Alaska Highway Permafrost Vulnerable to Climate Change 0615

Global Warming Is Making Mexico City Smog Worse 0615

Surprising Link between Warmer Temperatures, Math Test Scores 0515

Western Drought Steals Clean Energy, Along with Fresh Water, at Power Plants 0415

God Commanded Family Planning, Says Muslim Leader in Flood-Ravaged Malawi 0315

Could Climate Change Defeat Sports-Mad Australians? 0215

Excessive Heat Threatens Future of Australian Outdoor Summer Sport 0215

Melting Ice Spells Volcanic Trouble 0215

Climate Change Pushes India's Poorest Children into Slavery 0215

Climate Change Could Hammer Iowa Agriculture, Manufacturing 0115

Smoldering Peat Fires Pose Global Threat 0115

Climate Change Raises Risks of Power Outages 0115

Far from Rising Seas, Climate Change Plagues Kathmandu 0115

As Shepherds Watched, It Got Hotter and Hotter 1214 - Australia

Hotter Days in US Mean Less Cold Cash 1214 - economic costs of productivity losses from heat

Thawing Permafrost Threatens Infrastructure, Homes 1214

Bay Area Air a Little Smoggier in 2014; Heat Blamed 1114

Warming World Could Make It Harder for Planes to Take Off 1114

Are Megacities Friend or Foe in the Fight Against Climate Change? 1114

With Heat and Humidity, Areas Will Become Unsuited for Outdoor Activity 0914

Melting Permafrost Could Worsen Water Quality in the Rockies 0914

Climate Change Means Fewer Beaches and Waterfalls in Hawaii 0814

Climate Change May Bottleneck Panama Canal, Disrupting World Trade 0814

Farming Practices, Climate Change at Root of Toledo Water Quality Emergency 0814

Climate Change and Health - Drinking Water Safety in Decline 0414

          Both tables below come from the Stern Review; they overlap a lot.  See Overviews page.

Note: Paleo-climate studies indicate that eventual temperature change for given CO2 levels will be substantially higher than the chart below shows.

ere.

2°C Rise Will Be a Disaster, Say Leading Scientists 1213

Warsaw's Widening Climate Chasm Could Lead to 4°C Warming 1113

Optimist's Plan Finishes Moving Beyond Carbon by 2100, for 10.5 Billion Rich 1113

Golden Energy Age for Australia Will Cost the World Dearly 1113

Precarious Future Looms for Canada’s Great Inland Delta 1113

Report Outlines Climate Change Impact in Southeast 1113

It's Time to Adapt to Unstoppable Global Warming, Scientists Say 1113

Climate Change May Magnify Toxic Chemical Dangers 1113

Greenland Gives Green Light to Mine Uranium and Rare Earths 1013

Uncomfortable Climates to Devastate Cities Within a Decade 1013

Climate Primary Factor on Great Lake Levels 0913

Yosemite Fire Example of How Droughts Amplify Wildfires 0813

Northeast Passage - Russia Moves to Boost Arctic Shipping 0813

Global Air-Conditioning - Will Cooling Warm Our Planet? 0813

San Luis Reservoir Only 17% Full, Causing Silicon Valley Water Problems 0813

Fires, Smoke, Floods Are Drawbacks of Alaska's Hot Summer 0813

Water-Smart Power: Strengthening US Electric Grid in a Warming World 0813

Low Great Lakes Levels Raise Concerns for Midwest Power Plants 0713 

Climate Change Will Disrupt Energy Supplies, DOE Warns 0713 

Falling Great Lakes Water Levels Fall Take Toll on Shipping 0613

Fewer Rain Forests Mean Less Energy for Developing Nations 0513 

Hurricane Sandy Alters Utilities’ Calculus on Upgrades 1212

Home Air Conditioning Cut Early Deaths on Hot Days by 80% 1212 - web

Climate Change Harms US Roads, Airports 1112

Climate Downgrade - Heat Stress 1112

High Ocean Temperature Shuts Coastal Nuclear Reactor 0812 

Soil Erosion Threatens Civilization 0910 

Earth, 2300 - Too Hot for Humans 0510

Climate Changes Begets Earthquakes, Eruptions 0410


Adaptation

Save the Planet - Have Fewer Children, Sell the Car, Cut Holiday Trips, Eat Vegan 0717 - Concentrate on the actions that have the biggest impact.  By far the biggst is to have fewer children.  Recycling and better light bulbs are a good bit smaller than transport or diet.

Adaptation - Floods

Harvey Could Reshape How and Where Americans Build Homes 0817

New Flood Standard Approved by Congress in the 2016 Budget Bill 0116

Copenhagen Fights Flooding with Flooding 1015

Miami Beach 'Rising' to Challenge of Encroaching Seas 0415

These Florida Republicans Are Busy Protecting Their Coasts from Sea Level Rise 0315

New Order Requires Planning for Future Flood Risk, if Federal Funds Are Used 0215

Flood Insurance Changes Run Into Resistance 0713

Alberta Floods a Wake Up Call to Flooding Dangers 0613

Flood Risk Area in US Could Increase 45%, Due to Climate Change 0613

New Climate Data Depict a New York City More at Risk of Flooding 0613

Flooding Threatens 1 in 4 London Properties 0513

Climate Change, Poor Urban Planning Contributed to Deadly Argentine Floods 0413

For Engineers, Failure Becomes an Option with Climate Change 0313

Adaptation - Sea Level Rise

Florida Keys to Raise Roads before Rising Seas Put Them under Water 0218 ~$5 million / mile to raise road 1 foot

"Climate Gentrification" Could Add Value to Elevation in Real Estate 1217

Fiji Villagers Plant Mangroves in Race against Rising Seas 1217

Hamburg Lets the Waters In 0617 increase green space that can flood with little damage; no structures

Miami Beach to Begin $100 Million Flood Prevention Project for Rising Seas 0117

Greater New York City Region Must Plan for "Permanent Flooding" 1216

As Sea Levels Rise, Rotterdam Floats to the Top 0616

Miami-Dade Turns to Nature to Combat Sea-Level Rise 0316

New York Prepares for Up to 6 Feet of Sea Level Rise 1115

Norfolk, Pushed by Sea-Level Rise, Re-Thinks Its Future 1015

To Help Climate Migrants, Bangladesh Takes Back Land from the Sea 0915

Rising Sea Level Threatens Coastal Restoration, New Orleans Levees 0815

Crop Dusters Seed Mangroves by Air, to Save Louisiana Wetlands 0815

Is New Orleans Safe? 0815

Sea Levels Might Be Rising Much Faster Than Expected. What Should New York Do to Avoid Being Swamped? 0715

Why Miami is the ‘New Atlantis’ 0615

Sri Lanka 1st Nation to Protect All Mangrove Forests 0515

Sea Rise Threatens Florida Coast, But There’s No Statewide Plan 0515

Fading Shores - Reality of Climate Change 0515

Boston's Logan Airport Drafts Climate Change Plan 0515

U.S. Department of Defense Adapts to Climate Change 0415

Obama’s Trip to Florida Everglades Is a Shrewd Move in Climate Debate 0415

Singapore Struggles to Make Itself More Resilient to Global Warming 0415

Miami Beach 'Rising' to Challenge of Encroaching Seas 0415

These Florida Republicans Are Busy Protecting Their Coasts from Sea Level Rise 0315

Massachusetts May Cut Coastal Building 0215

Rising Sea Levels and Temperatures Ahead for NYC 0215

The Pentagon & Climate Change - How Deniers Put National Security at Risk 0215

New Order Requires Planning for Future Flood Risk, if Federal Funds Are Used 0215

‘Nobody Is Truly Ready’ For Rise of Seas 1114

Sinking Jakarta Starts Building Giant Wall as Sea Rises 1114

How Boston Is Rethinking Its Relationship with the Sea 1014

Facing Storms Without the Mangrove Wall 1014

Canals, Fortifications for a Boston Beset by Rising Seas 0914

US Fails to Address Coastal and Inland Flood, Civil Engineer Society Says 0914

Dutch Unveil Big Plan to Fight Rising Tides 0914

California to Tally Sea-Level Rise Risks, Hunt for Defenses 0914

Southwest Florida Governments Not Planning for Sea Rise 0814

Should We Try to Fight Rising Sea Levels — or Abandon the Coasts? 0514

Project Blends Rotterdam Knowhow with Saigon Street Smarts 0214

Is Rebuilding Storm-Struck Coastlines Worth The Cost? 1013

Hard Math of Flood Insurance in a Warming World 1013

Adapting to Sea Level Rise in Vietnam - Benefits vs Cost for 2 Approaches - BMZ 0913 - PDF, 56 pp

6 Ways to Pay for Climate Change 0913

Florida Keys Prepare for Sea Level Rise 0713

Stopping a Hurricane’s Storm Surge in Texas 0613

Cities of the World Plan Adaptation to Climate Change 0613

Will New York's Sea-Level Plan Play in Miami? 0613

Louisiana's Bayou Is Sinking - Can $50 Billion Save It? 0513

Why Everglades Restoration Really Must Be About Adapting To Climate Change 0413 

In Louisiana, Low Elevations and Costly Insurance Leave Nowhere to Run 0313 

For Engineers, Failure Becomes an Option with Climate Change 0313 

Palm Beach Must Act on Rising Sea Levels 0213

Boston Prepares for Sea Level Rise 0213

New NYC Flood Maps Omit Sea Level Rise 0213


Adaptation - Food

Cutting through India’s Rice Obsession Could Save Water and Boost Nutrition 0718

‘Farming’ Microbes to Feed Cows Could Save Land and Cut Emissions 0618

Can Vertical Farms Reap Their Harvest?  It’s Anyone’s Bet. 0718

Innovative Greenhouses Help Farmers in India Adapt to Climate Change 0618

How Land under Solar Panels Can Contribute to Food Security 0618

Avoiding Meat and Dairy Is ‘Single Biggest Way’ to Reduce Your Impact on Earth 0518

Facing Climate and Water Pressures, Farmers Return to Age-Old Cover Cropping 0518

A New Farming Technique Using Drastically Less Water Is Catching On 0518

Costa Rica's Farmers Harvest Rain to Beat Drought 0518

Seaweed in Cow Feed Reduces Methane Emissions Almost Entirely 0518

Why the UAE's 1st Vertical Farm Could Be a Regional Game-Changer 0518

Adding Crushed Volcanic Rock to Farm Soil Could Boost Crops and Slow Global Warming 0418

Turning Food Waste to Animal Feed Could Take Chunk from Livestock Emissions 0418

Roof Gardens and Recycling - Indian Cities Find Ways to Go Green 0118

Meat Tax ‘Inevitable’ to Beat Climate and Health Crises, Says Report 1217

Mekong Delta Farmers Find Opportunity in Climate Change 1217 - switch to shrimp farming in dry season, rice i wet

Changing Where Crops Are Grown Could Feed 825 Million More People 1117

Scientists Create Food from Electricity and CO2 - 0817

Kenya's Herders Swap Livestock for Chillies, as Drought Bites 0817

'Grow Food on Mars'- LA Startups Bring Inventive Solutions Climate Change 0717

To Save the Planet, Eat More Bugs? 0717

Is Biochar a Game-Changer for Sustainable Farms? 0617

Indonesian Farmers Befriend Soil to Protect Harvests from Climate Stress 0617

U.N. Tool Uses Satellite Data to Help Farmers Save Water 0417

In India, Switching to Vegetables, Oranges and Papaya Could Help Save Water 0417

Solar Energy and Salt Water Power Vegetable Farms in the Desert 0317

From New Beans to Ancient Plants, Drought-Busting Crops Take Root 0317

America's Biggest Water Users – Farmers – Learn to Use Less of It 0317

Costa Rican Researchers Develop New Climate Change-Resistant Beans 0217

Egyptian Invention Cuts Rice Irrigation Water by 1/2 - 0217

Zambia Tries New Way to Beat Drought - Solar Grain Mills 0117

Agriculture Begins to Tackle Its Role in Climate Change 0117

Why Drought-Resistant Farming Could Be a Feminist Act in Lesotho 0117

No More Mass Deaths from Drought in Northeast Brazil 0117

Farmers in Sudan Battle Climate Change and Hunger, as Desert Creeps Closer 1216

Heat-Resistant Beans Could Save Millions 1216

Global Farming Must Transform to Fight Climate Change, Protect Food Security 1016

Kenyan Farmers Sow Resistance to Drought, Boosting Seed Demand 1016

Ethiopia Soil Map Arms Farmers with New Fertilizers in Climate Fight 0916

World's Largest Vertical Farm Grows without Soil, Sunlight or Water in Newark NJ 0816

Climate-Smart Agriculture for Drought-Stricken Madagascar 0816 drip irrigation, etc.

How Growing Kelp and Eelgrass Can Help Slow Ocean Acidification 0716 to help local oyster harvest

How the World’s Most Fertile Soil Can Help Reverse Climate Change 0716 - terra preta

The Future of Agriculture - Factory Fresh 0616 - very wide-ranging discussion, from ultra-precise application of water and fertilizers in fields and greenhouses, monitoring leaf area by plant, to genetic manipulations, growing artificial muscle to eat, monitoring when cows start to turn lame or are in estrus, and so forth.  Much data is routed thru thru “the cloud” to farmers.

Aquaculture Meets Agriculture on Bangladesh’s Low-Lying Coast 0616

China's Plan to Cut Meat Consumption by 50% Cheered by Climate Campaigners 0616

Carbon Farming - Hope for a Hot Planet 0416

New Green Challenge - How to Grow More Food on Less Land 0316

For Beginning Farmers in the West, Finding Water to Grow Food is a Constant Gamble 0316

Chilean Scientists Invent Super-Trees to Face Climate Change 0216

Healthy Ground, Healthy Atmosphere - Recarbonizing the Earth’s Soils 0216

Africa Takes Fresh Look at GMO Crops, as Drought Blights Continent 0116

Can Genetic Engineering Help Quench Crops’ Thirst? 0116

Climate Smart Coffee with Bananas Set to Boost East African Farmers’ Income 1215

New Rice Could Help Reduce Global Greenhouse Gases 1215

'Go Part-Time Vegetarian to Protect the Planet’ - Arnold Schwarzenegger 1215

The USDA Puts Food and Climate Change Center Stage In Paris 1215

Laos Counts Climate Change Costs - Record Floods, Drought and Landslides 1115

Climate Change Bites Kenyan Tea Farmers 1115

Australian Researchers Working on G20 Plan to Increase Global Crop Yields 1115

Caribbean Agriculture Looks to Cope with Climate Change 1115

As Drought Destroys Maize, Zimbabwe Tries Out New Staples 0915

Kale or Steak?  Change in Diet Is Key to U.N. Plan to End Hunger by 2030 - 0915

Kenyan Pastoralists Fighting Climate Change through Food Forests 0715

Quest for Climate-Proof Farms 0715

Demand for ‘Sustainable' Food Has Increased Greenhouse Gas Emissions 0715

How Will We Feed a World of 9 Billion People? 0715

Program Aims to Boost Rice Resilience to Climate Change 0615

Record Drought Gives Oklahoma Wheat Farmers a Glimpse of the Future 0515

Saving Coffee from Extinction 0515

Scientists Work to Help Oklahoma's Wheat Industry Adapt to Climate Change 0515

Improving Soil Fertility Key to Increasing Food Security as Climate Changes 0515

Vanishing Fruits, Veggies - Could Climate Change What We Eat? 0415

Hopes Grow for Climate-Proof Beans 0315

Drip by Drip, Tanzania Farmers Learn to Cope with Drought 0315

Perennial Rice - In Search of a Greener, Hardier Staple Crop 0315

Climate Change Hampering World Food Production 0215

9 Reasons Not to Be Depressed about the Planet 0115

Can Farm Business Thrive in Extreme Conditions? 1114

Climate Change Spurs Overseas Demand for India’s Indigenous Cattle 1114

Building an Ark for the Anthropocene 0914

Africa's Farmers Face Risk of 'Failed Seasons’ 0914

Crop Diversity Is Key to Agricultural Climate Adaptation 0814

Mathematics Helps Find Food Crops' Climate-Proof Genes 0814

Iowa's Corn Farmers Learn to Adapt to Weather Extremes 0814

How to Stop Climate Change Making Food Less Nutritious? 0714

Getting Beyond Just Wheat, Corn and Rice 0514

Scientists Race to Develop Farm Animals to Survive Climate Change 0514

How Solar Desalination Could Help Parched Farms 0514.

Family Farmers Hold Keys to Agriculture in a Warming World 0514

The One Area Technology Cannot Save Us & 5 Little Things That Can 0913

Heat, Drought Draw Farmers Back to Sorghum, the 'Camel of Crops' 1013

How You Pay Farmers to Watch Their Crop Shrivel Up and Die 1013

Farmers Try New Strategies to Ensure Food Security 1013

Could More Efficient Crops Feed a Growing, Warmer World? 0813

Roots Breakthrough for Drought-Resistant Rice 0813

Great Lakes Area Draws World Attention for Food 0713 

Wild Rice Gene Boosts Yields 0812 

Wheat Genome May Help Tackle Food Shortages 0810

Adaptation - Less Water

Amman Faces Water Squeeze as Refugees Rush into Jordan 0518
     Desalination project on Red Sea is one facet of response.

Icebergs Could Float to the Rescue of Cape Town Water Crisis 0418

Why Americans Are Using a Lot Less Water 1217

Pakistan Needs to Increase Water Storage as Population Swells 1217

As Farms Dry Up, Kenyan Women Switch to Clean Energy Businesses 0417

Parched Lanzhou, China Plans to Pipe Water 1,000 km from Russia’s Lake Baikal 0317

With Water Short, Zimbabwe's Farmers Turn to Capturing Rain 0117

Sahel Countries Race against Time to Re-Green Africa's Spreading Desert 1116

Trump Pledge to ‘Open Up the Water’ for Valley Farms Is Easier Said Than Done 1116

Africa Droughts Prompt Calls to Start Pumping Untapped Groundwater 0816

Gripped by Drought, Ethiopia Drills for Water 0416

Obama Calls for Proactive Drought Strategy.  What Would That Look like? 0316

Obama Administration - Water Use Could Be More Efficient 0216

China Needs More Efforts in Curbing Desertification, Despite Its Progress 1215

As Droughts Worsen, Joined-Up Adaptations Build Resilience in Arid Kenya 0915

Key to Water Security Could Be Lurking in a New Mexico Sewage Farm 0815

Californians Cut Water Use by 31% in July 0815

Los Angeles Continues Dramatic Water Savings - 21% in July 0815

Impact of Irrigation on Drought, Climate Change in Alberta 0815

For Drinking Water in Drought, California Looks Warily to Sea 0415

Great Wall of Trees Keeps China's Deserts at Bay 1214

Could Desalination Solve California’s Water Problem? 1014

Arid Southwest Cities’ Plea: Lose the Lawn 0813

Adaptation - Planning

U.S. Military Not Doing Enough to Prepare Bases for Climate Change, GAO Warns 1217

imagine - 1.5 Million in Evacuation Gridlock as a Hurricane Aims at Tampa Bay 0517

How the Park Service Is Planning for Climate Change 0816

Obama Calls for Proactive Drought Strategy.  What Would That Look like? 0316

NASA’s Tons of Data Help Developing Nations Prepare for Global Warming 0615

Sea Rise Threatens Florida Coast, But There’s No Statewide Plan 0515

Senators Challenge FEMA Requiring State Climate Change Plans for Disaster Relief 0515

Boston's Logan Airport Drafts Climate Change Plan 0515

Colorado Begins $3.4 Million Effort to Save Agriculture Water, Make Power with It 0515

Mayor Unveils 'Ambitious' Plan to Make Los Angeles Greener 0415

Everyone Praises Green Copenhagen.   What If Your City Has 20 Million People? 0415

FEMA to States - No Climate Planning, No Money 0315

The Pentagon & Climate Change - How Deniers Put National Security at Risk 0215

Boston Releases Climate Change Action Plan 0115

Cities Prepare for Warm Climate Without Saying So 0914

It's Time to Adapt to Unstoppable Global Warming, Scientists Say 1113

With Great Lakes Stuck at Historic Lows, Talk Turns to Adapting 1013

New Boston City Zoning Plans Tied to Climate Changes 1013

Mexico’s Gulf Cities Not Ready for Climate Change 0713

Vancouver Ramps Up Extreme Weather Preparations After Alberta Floods 0713

Nigeria Starts Efforts to Head Off Climate Disasters 0713

Climate Change Make Cities Richer and Healthier? 0613

6 of the World's Most Extensive Climate Adaptation Plans 0613

San Diego Studies Its Vulnerabilities to Climate Change 0313

How Much It Will Cost to Save Pakistan's Economy’s Foundation 0312

Adaptation - Multiple Impacts

New Climate Debate - How to Adapt to the End of the World 0918

Climate Report Says Montana Must Adapt to Warmer, Drier Seasons 0917

The New War on Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases 0815

U.S. Department of Defense Adapts to Climate Change 0415

The Pentagon & Climate Change - How Deniers Put National Security at Risk 0215

N.C. Forecast Calls for Heat, Drought, Storms 0713

6 of the World's Most Extensive Climate Adaptation Plans 0613

Agriculture in US Must to Adapt to Climate Change 0613 

Can Pakistan Survive Climate Change? 0513

Costs of Damages from & Adaptation to Climate Change in East Asia - Asian Development Bank 2013 - PDF, 216 pp

US Seeks Land Conservation to Adapt to Climate Change 0313 

Adapting to a Warmer World 1112 

Adaptation - Other

As Temperatures Keep Trending Up, US ‘Heat Belt’ Cities Try to Stay Livable 0818

Are We Ready for the Deadly Heat Waves of the Future? 0418

How Long Beach Is Trying to Cool Down 0118

After the Hurricanes, Rebuilding for Energy Efficiency and Storm Survival 1017

Designer Forests to Tune up Canada's Trees to Thrive in Changing Climate 0217

As Temperatures Soar, Cities Fight Heat Waves 0816 - cooling centers, greenery

Trees Deal with Climate Change Better than Expected 0316 - They respire less as climate warms.

California Cut December Water Use 18.3%, Barely Meeting Gov. Brown’s Mandate 0216

Snow Harvesting - Northwest Ski Resorts Adapt to Climate Change 0116

Climate Change Is Darkening Seattle’s Water Forecast 0915

New War on Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases 0815

Impact of Irrigation on Drought, Climate Change in Alberta 0815

Tropical Fish Are Genetically Adapting to Cope with Warmer Waters 0715

Humans Are Adapting to Climate Change - Minimum Mortality °C Rises 0715

How Pakistan and India Can Prevent Future Heat Wave Deaths 0615

Seaweed Might Have the Power to Make the Oceans Less Acidic 0515

Urban Sprawl, Cars Hamper Cities’ Best Efforts on CO2 - 0415

To Save Coral Reefs, First Save the Mangroves 0215

Genetically Modified Coral Could Help Save Reefs 0215

For Green, Comfortable Homes, Mali Turns to Mud 0115

Copenhagen Lighting the Way to Greener, More Efficient Cities 1214

Climate Change Forces the Alps to Adapt by Moving Villages 1114

How Best to Help Pennsylvania’s Forests as Climate Changes 1114

UN Experts Call for Action to Mitigate Climate-Related Health Risks 0814

Examining How Marine Life Might Adapt to Acidified Oceans 0514

It's Time to Adapt to Unstoppable Global Warming, Scientists Say 1113

Geo-Engineering Makes Mitigation Better than Adaptation 0413

Americans Believe in Climate Change Risks 0313 

Stern's Bad News from Copenhagen 0309

by Gene Fry 2018